Toy Group

Affenpinscher

Posted in Toy Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

House and companion dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

Originally used as a housedog in the region of Southern Germany.  His ancestors were depicted by Albrecht Dürer (1471 – 1528) in his woodcuts.  First entries of Affenpinscher go back to the year 1879.  These Toy dogs were very popular around the turn of the century, they evolved from the rough coated Pinschers.  The harsh ring of hair around the head emphasised the monkey-like expression.  The colours ranged from self coloured yellowish, reddish or grey-white to dark grey, black-grey and pure black. 

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

The Affenpinscher is rough haired, small and compact with a monkey-like expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

The ratio of length to height shall make his build appear as square as possible.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:

Fearless, alert, persistent and devoted, sometimes full of quick-tempered passion.  He is an agreeable family dog in all aspects.

HEAD:

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull – round rather than elongated, altogether not too heavy, high domed with pronounced forehead.

Stop – clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose – nose leather round, full and black.

Muzzle – short and straight, not curved upwards.  Bridge of nose straight.

Lips – tight fitting to the jaws.  Lips are black.

Jaws/Teeth – complete (42 teeth) set of pure white teeth.  The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and is slightly turned upwards.  The incisors in a healthy mouth are set as regularly as possible in a slightly rounded row.  The canines and the incisors must not be visible when the mouth is closed, neither must the Affenpinscher show his tongue when the mouth is closed.  The lack of two of the PM1, PM2 or PM3, or a combination of two of these teeth is tolerated. 

Eyes – dark, rather round and full.  Black pigmented, close fitting eyelids, framed by a circle of harsh hair.

Ears – set on high, carried evenly, turned forward, V-shaped, the inner edges lying close to the head.  Prick ears should be small, evenly erect and carried as upright as possible.

NECK:

Straight, strong, rather short with strong set on.  Throat skin tight fitting without folds.

BODY:

Strong, square and compact.

Topline – slightly sloping in an almost straight line from the withers towards the rear.

Withers – forming the highest point of topline.

Back – strong, short and taut.

Loin – short and strong.  The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup – short, slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into the tail set on.

Chest – only slightly flattened at sides, moderately broad, reaching to beyond the level of the elbows.

Underline and Belly – belly moderately tucked up.  Underline and topline (from withers to tail set on) are more or less parallel.

TAIL:

Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.

LIMBS:

FOREQUATERS:

Front legs sturdy, straight, parallel and not close together.

Shoulders – well muscled.  The shoulder blade is long, sloping (at an angle of appr. 45º) and flat.

Upper Arm – lying close to the body, strong and muscular.

Elbows – correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

Forearm – strongly developed.  Straight when seen from any direction.

Carpal Joint – firm and strong.

Pastern – vertical seen from the front, slightly sloping towards the ground when seen from the side.  Strongly developed and muscled.

Forefeet – short and round.  Toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, strong and black.

HINDQUARTERS:

Seen from side, standing obliquely with moderate angulation.  Seen from rear, parallel.

Upper Thigh – Strongly muscled, broad.

Stifle – turning neither in nor out.

Lower Thigh – long and strong.

Hock – moderately angulated.

Metatarsus – vertical to the ground.

Hind Feetsomewhat longer than forefeet.  Toes well-knit and arched.  Nails short and black.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:

Relaxed, fluent, mincing with moderate drive from the hindquarters.  Seen from the front and the rear, straight forward and parallel.

SKIN:

Close fitting over the whole body.

COAT:

Hair – the body coat should be harsh and dense.  The head is typically adorned by bushy, bristly eyebrows and wreathlike hair surrounding the eyes, by an impressive beard, by the top knot and by the hair on the cheeks.  The coat on the head should be as hard, straggly and sticking out as possible.  It contributes essentially to the monkey-like general expression.

Colour – pure black with black undercoat.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at withers:                 Dogs and bitches                25 to 30cm.

Weight:                                Dogs and bitches appr.      4 to 6 kg.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Particularly:

  • Clumsy, light, low or leggy build.
  • Light eyes.
  • Low set, very long or unevenly carried ears.
  • Fly away ears.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back
  • Roach back
  • Croup falling away
  • Tail set inclined towards head
  • Hindquarters too angulated or open hocked
  • Long feet
  • Short, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat
  • Over or undersize up to 1 cm.

SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch)
  • Too fine bones
  • Muzzle Griffon-like upturned or long
  • Too markedly undershot or pinscher bite
  • Protruding eyes
  • Elbows turning out
  • Hocks turning in
  • Over or undersize by more than 1cm but less than 2cm

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Malformation of any kind
  • Lack of breed type
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour
  • Faults in mouth such as a scissor bite or wry mouth
  • Over or undersize by more than 2cm
  • Shy or aggressive temperament

NB:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

 

Australian Silky Terrier

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Toy Terrier/companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The two main ancestors of this breed were the Australian Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier. During the period 1820-1830 a Broken Coated Terrier bitch of a blue sheen colour, which was bred in Tasmania, was taken to England and mated to a Dandy Dinmont Terrier. A Mr MacArthur Little of London purchased some puppies from this litter and experimented with further breeding to produce the soft silky coat. Later Mr Little migrated to Sydney Australia and continued his breeding programme using both Australian Terriers and Yorkshire Terriers. These dogs soon spread though out the Colonies of Australia and the Australian Silky Terrier was establishes as a breed. A standard for the breed was first drawn up in the early 1900’s.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
The dog is compact, moderately low set, of medium length with a refined structure but of sufficient substance to suggest the ability to hunt and kill domestic rodents.
The parted, straight silky hair presents a well-groomed appearance.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:

It should display Terrier characteristics, embodying keen alertness, activity and soundness. A courageous and dignified Toy Terrier, that is second to none as a companion.

HEAD:

Of moderate length, slightly shorter from the tip of the nose to between the eyes than from the same position to the occiput. The head must be strong and of Terrier character, being moderately broad between the ears.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Flat and without fullness between the eyes, with fine silky topknot, not falling over the eyes, (a long fall of hair on the foreface or cheeks is very objectionable).
Stop: Defined but moderate.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Black.
Lips: Tight and clean.
Jaws/Teeth: Strong jaws, teeth even and not cramped, the upper incisors fitting closely over the lower (scissor bite).
Eyes: Shall be small, oval never round or prominent, dark as possible in colour with a keen intelligent expression.
Ears: Should be small, V-shaped with fine leather, set high on the skull, pricked, and entirely free from long hair.

NECK:

Medium length, refined and slightly crested, fitting gracefully into the shoulders. Well covered with long silky hair.

BODY:

Should be moderately long in proportion to the height of the dog.
Topline: Level topline at all times (both standing and moving).
Loin: Strong.
Chest: Of moderate depth and breadth. Ribs well sprung extending back to strong loins.

TAIL:
If docked, set on high and carried erect but not over-gay.
Should be free of feathering.
Undocked: the first three vertebrae to be carried erect or slightly curved but not curved over back. Must not be curled. The length to give an overall balanced appearance.
In accordance with the description of the docked tail the undocked tail also to be free of feathering.

[*refer note below]

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS: General appearance: The forelegs have refined, round bone and are straight and set well under the body with no weakness in the pasterns.
Shoulder: Fine and well laid back, fitting with well angulated upper arms snugly to the ribs.
Elbow: Turned neither in nor out.
Forefeet: Small, well padded, cat-like with closely knit toes, the toenails must be black or very dark.

HINDQUARTERS:

Thighs: Must be well developed.
Stifle (Knee): Should be well turned.
Hock joint: Well bent. When viewed from behind the hocks should be well let down and parallel with each other.
Hind feet: Small, well padded, cat-like with closely knit toes, the toenails must be black or very dark.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:
The movement should be free and true without slackness at shoulders or elbows, there should be no turning in or out of the feet or pasterns. The hindquarters should have strong propelling power with ample flexibility at stifles and hocks. Viewed from behind the movement should be neither too close nor too wide.

COAT
Hair: Must be flat, fine and glossy and of a silky texture. The length of coat must not be so long as to impede the dog’s action and should allow daylight to be seen under the dog. The front and rear feet to be free from long hair.
Colour: All shades of blue and tan are acceptable, the richer these colours and more clearly defined the better. Silver and white not acceptable. Blue on the tail to be very dark. Silver blue or fawn topknot desirable. Distribution of blue and tan as follows: tan around the base of the ears, muzzle and on the sides of the cheeks; blue from the base of the skull to tip of tail, running down the forelegs to near the wrists and down the thighs to the hocks; tan line showing down the stifles and from the wrists and hocks to the toes and around the vent. The blue body colour must be free from tan or bronzing. Tan markings must be free from smuttiness. Black colouring is permissible in puppies, blue colour must be established by 18 months of age.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: 23 to 26cm.
Females: can be slightly less.
Weight: Weight in proportion to height.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SEVERE FAULTS:
Topline showing roach or dip.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.
                                        

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either.

(Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/01/2018)

Bichon Frisé

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Well balanced dog of smart appearance, closely coated with handsome plume carried over the back. Natural white coat curling loosely. Head carriage proud and high.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Gay, happy, lively little dog.

TEMPERAMENT:

Friendly and outgoing.

HEAD AND SKULL:

Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 3:5. On a head of the correct width and length, lines drawn between the outer corners of the eyes and nose will create a near equilateral triangle. Whole head in balance with body.  Muzzle not thick, heavy nor snipey. Cheeks flat, not very strongly muscled. Stop moderate but definite, hollow between eyebrows just visible. Skull slightly rounded, not coarse, with hair accentuating rounded appearance.  Nose large, round, black, soft and shiny.

EYES:

Dark, round with black eye rims, surrounded by dark haloes, consisting of well pigmented skin. Forward looking, fairly large but not almond shaped, neither obliquely set nor protruding. Showing no white when looking forward.  Alert, full of expression.

EARS:

Hanging close to head, well covered with flowing hair longer than leathers, set on slightly higher than eye level and rather forward on skull. Carried forward when dog alert, forward edge touching skull. Leather reaching approximately halfway along muzzle.

MOUTH:

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable. Lips fine, fairly tight and completely black.

NECK:

Arched neck fairly long, about one-third the length of the body. Carried high and proudly. Round and slim near head, gradually broadening to fit smoothly into shoulders.

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulders oblique, not prominent, equal in length to upper arm. Upper arm fits close to body.  Legs straight, perpendicular, when seen from front; not too finely boned. Pasterns short and straight viewed from front, very slightly sloping viewed from side.

BODY:

Forechest well developed, deep brisket. Ribs well sprung, floating ribs not terminating abruptly. Loin broad, well muscled, slightly arched and well tucked up. Pelvis broad, croup slightly rounded. Length from withers to tailset should equal height from withers to ground.

HINDQUARTERS:

Thighs broad and well rounded. Stifles well bent; hocks well angulated and metatarsals perpendicular.

FEET:

Tight, rounded and well knuckled up. Pads black. Nails preferably black.

TAIL:

Normally carried raised and curved gracefully over the back but not tightly curled. Never docked. Carried in line with backbone, only hair touching back; tail itself not in contact. Set on level with topline, neither too high nor too low. Corkscrew tail undesirable.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Balanced and effortless with an easy reach and drive maintaining a steady and level topline. Legs moving straight along line of travel, with hind pads showing.

COAT:

Fine, silky with soft corkscrew curls. Neither flat nor corded, and measuring 7-10 cms (3-4 ins) in length. The dog may be presented trimmed or untrimmed.

COLOUR:

White but cream or apricot markings acceptable up to 18 months. Under white coat, dark pigment desirable.

Black, blue or beige markings often found on skin.

SIZE:

Ideal height 23-28 cms (9-11 ins) at withers.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog

NOTE:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

 

Biewer Terrier

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
That of an elegant longhaired toy terrier with the hair parting down the middle and hanging straight and evenly on both sides of the dog. Although the outline of the dog gives the appearance of a square, the body length can be slightly longer than the over-all height. The tail is curved over the body and covered with a long flowing plume.

CHARACTERISTICS
Uncomplicated toy terrier with a light-hearted attitude and a happy temperament. Stable and sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life and makes a loyal companion.

HEAD AND SKULL
Rather small and flat, with a moderate stop. Not too prominent or round in skull. Muzzle not too long in proportion to the skull. Nose black.

EYES
Medium, dark and placed to look directly forward. Not prominent. Edge of eyelids black. Eyes must be black/dark brown.

EARS
Medium, V-shaped, upright, moderately wide set and covered with hair. Tips should be shaved.

MOUTH
Level or scissor bite. Teeth well placed with even jaws. Lips black.

BODY
Fine to medium boned with a good level top line. Height at the shoulders is the same as the height at the rump. Length of the body can be slightly longer than the height of the dog. The chest comes down to the elbows with a good width. The rib cage is moderately sprung with the underline being slightly tucked up and a short but strong loin.

NECK

Of good length, not squat, sloping to a well-formed shoulder with slanting shoulder blades.

FOREQUATERS
Well laid shoulders, legs absolutely straight and covered with hair.

HINDQUATERS
Straight when viewed from behind and stifles are slightly bent when viewed from the side.

FEET
Round. Nails black or white.

TAIL
The tail is curved over the body and covered with a long flowing plume.

GAIT

The Biewer Terrier moves with confidence and pride. Movement should be graceful, smooth and straightforward, without being stilted or hackneyed. When viewed from the side, the top line remains level, he gives an impression of rapid movement, size considered. Hind legs should track in a line with the front legs, going neither inside nor outside. Tail must be up when in movement.

COAT
Long and flowing with a soft silky texture. Perfectly straight without an undercoat, not woolly or wavy. Adult length of coat: three quarters to floor-length.

COLOUR
Tricolour white, blue/black and gold.
Head: White-blue/black -gold or white-black-gold. Coloured symmetrically. Any combination of the following two colours in good symmetry is acceptable: Blue/black and white or blue/black and gold.
Body: Black/blue, and white with no gold. Amounts of each colour are of personal preference with no dominating patterns. Throat, belly and chest completely white.

Legs, White from the elbows and stifles to the feet.

Tail: White tail tip.

SIZE
Up to 5kg.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Breed not yet recognised by FCI.


Bolognese

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:
Companion dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The origin of the Bolognese is confused with that of the Maltese, because their distant ancestors are the same little dogs mentioned in Latin by Aristotle (384–322 B.C.) under the denomination of canes melitenses. Bolognese, already known in the Roman era appears most especially among the very appreciated gifts, which were made during a whole era by the people of power of that world. Cosimo de Medici (1389–1464) brought no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to as many Belgian noblemen. Philipe II, king of Spain 1556–1598, after having received two as a gift from the Duke d’Este, thanked him in writing saying, ” These little dogs are the most royal gifts one can give to an emperor”. Bolognese are represented in paintings by Titian, Pierre Breughel called le Vieux and Goya.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Small size, stocky and compact, covered with a pure white coat, long and fluffy.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
Square built, the length of the body being equal to the height at the withers. Length of head reaching 1/3 of the height at the withers. Depth of chest almost half of the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:
Very serene, generally not very active. Eventful but calm very faithful to his master and his entourage.

HEAD:
Medium long. The width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches is the same as the length.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Of slightly ovoid in shape (egg shaped) in the sagittal direction and has rather convex sides; rather flat in its upper part. The protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed. The longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel; the frontal furrow is only slightly accentuated, as is also the occipital protuberance. The length of the skull is slightly more than that of the muzzle.
Stop: Rather accentuated.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Set on the same line as the topline of the muzzle; seen in profile the front vertical. Large and must be black.
Muzzle: Its length is equal to 2/5 of the length of the head; the topline of the muzzle is straight and the sides of the muzzle are parallel, so that the forepart of the muzzle is almost square. The lower orbital region is well chiselled.

Lips: Upper lips being only slightly developed in depth, they do not cover the bottom lips, and the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws normally developed, with top and bottom arches perfectly adapted. Teeth white, evenly aligned, with strong and complete dentition. Articulation of incisors as scissor bite; pincer bite tolerated.
Eyes: Set on an almost frontal plane; size slightly superior to normal. Eyelid opening is round; the eyeball must not be prominent; the white of the eye is not visible. The rims of the eyelids must be black, and the iris of a dark ochre colour.
Ears: High set, they are long and hanging, but rather rigid at their base, so that the upper part of the external ear is detached from the skull, thus giving the impression of the head being larger than it really is.

NECK:
Without dewlap; its length is equal to the length of the head.

BODY:
The dog being of a square construction, the length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock bone is equal to that of the height at the withers.
Top line: The straight profile of the back and that of the loin, slightly convex, merge harmoniously in the line of the croup.
Withers: Only slightly prominent above the top line. Top of shoulder blades well spaced.
Back: Straight.
Loin: Short, strong, slightly convex.
Croup: Very broad and only slightly sloping.
Chest: Ample, let down to level of elbows, with well sprung ribs, the height reaching almost half of the height at the withers. The point of the sternum is only slightly prominent.
Underline and belly: Following the profile of the sternum, then rises slightly towards the belly.

TAIL:
Set in the line of the croup, carried curved over the back.

LIMBS:
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: Forearms are perfectly straight and parallel in relation to the median plane of the body.
Shoulders: The length of the shoulder blades is equal to 1/4 of the height at the withers; in relation to the horizontal, they are slanting and are near the vertical in relation to the median plane of the body. 
Upper Arm: Well joined to the body, of an almost equal length to that of the shoulder, but less slanting.
Elbows: They are on a parallel plane to the median plane of the body.
Forearm: The length is equal to that of the upper arm; follows a perfect vertical direction.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Seen from the front, they continue the vertical line of the forearm. Seen in profile, the pastern is slightly slanting.
Forefeet: Oval shaped, with well cushioned dark pads and very hard black nails.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance: Viewed from behind, the hind legs must follow from the point of the buttock bone to the ground in a perfectly vertical line - legs are parallel to each other.
Thigh: Their length is equal to 1/3 of the height of the withers. Slanting from top to bottom and back to front and perfectly parallel to the median plane of the body.
Stifle (Knee): Firm, not very angled.
Lower Thigh: Longer than the thigh.
Hock Joint: The tibio-tarsal angle is not very closed.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): The distance from the point of the hock to the ground is slightly less than a third of the height at the withers.
Hindfeet: Same characteristics as the forefeet, but less oval.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Free, energetic, with a noble and distinguished head carriage.

SKIN:
Taut and tightly fitted to the body all over, the third eyelids strictly pigmented black.

COAT:
HAIR: Long all over the body, from head to tail, from the top line to the feet. It is shorter on the muzzle. Forms long flocks that have the same texture all over the body, rather off-standing coat thus not falling flat and tight, never shows fringes.

COLOUR: Pure white, very slight shades of ivory are not disqualifying.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males 27 to 30cm.
                                   Females 25 to 28cm.
Weight: From 2,5 to 4kg.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
• Strabismus (squinting)

SEVERE FAULTS:
• Accentuated convergence or divergence of the upper longitudinal axes
• Convex muzzle (Roman nose)
• Undershot.
• Size in males under 25cm and over 33cm and size in females under 22cm or over 32cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Depigmentation of the nose
• Nose of any other colour than black
• Very exaggerated with teeth showing and mal – shaped muzzle.
• Bilateral depigmentation of the eyelids
• Wall-eyed
• Tailess
• Shortened tail, whether natural or artificial
• Any other colour than white
• Patches and flecks
NB:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Active, graceful and well balanced, with gentle expression.

CHARACTERISTICS
Sporting, affectionate, absolutely fearless.

TEMPERAMENT
Gay, friendly, non-aggressive; no tendency to nervousness.

HEAD AND SKULL
Skull almost flat between ears. Stop shallow. Length from base of stop to tip of nose about 3.8 cms (1½ ins). Nostrils black and well developed without flesh marks, muzzle well tapered. Lips well developed but not pendulous. Face well filled below eyes. Any tendency to snipiness undesirable.

EYES
Large, dark, round but not prominent; spaced well apart.

EARS
Long, set high, with plenty of feather.

MOUTH
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK
Moderate length, slightly arched.

FOREQUARTERS
Chest moderate, shoulders well laid back; straight legs moderately boned.

BODY
Short-coupled with good spring of rib. Level back.

HINDQUARTERS
Legs with moderate bone; well turned stifle - no tendency to cowhocks or sickle-hocks.

FEET:
Compact, cushioned and well feathered.

TAIL
Length of tail in balance with body, well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back. Docking optional. If docked, no more than one-third to be removed.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Free-moving and elegant in action, plenty of drive from behind. Forelegs and hindlegs move parallel when viewed from in front and behind.

COAT
Long, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Plenty of feathering. Totally free from trimming.

COLOUR
Recognised colours are:
Black and Tan: Raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable.
Ruby: Whole coloured rich red. White markings undesirable.
Blenheim: Rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head, leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (a unique characteristic of the breed).
Tricolour: Black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail.
Any other colour or combination of colours highly undesirable.SIZE
Weight 5.4-8.2kg (12-18 lb)
A small, well balanced dog well within these weights desirable.

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.
*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/01/2018) 

Chihuahua - Long Coat

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. 

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Small, dainty, compact.

CHARACTERISTICS
Alert little dog; swift-moving with brisk, forceful action and saucy expression.

TEMPERAMENT
Gay, spirited and intelligent, neither snappy nor withdrawn.

HEAD AND SKULL
Well rounded ‘apple dome’ skull, cheeks and jaws lean, muzzle moderately short, slightly pointed.  Definite stop.

EYES
Large, round but not protruding; set well apart; centre of eye is on a plane with lowest point of ear and base of stop; dark or ruby.  Light eyes in light colours permissible.

EARS
Large, flaring, set on at an angle of approximately 45 degrees; giving breadth between ears.  Tipped or broken down highly undesirable.

MOUTH
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK
Slightly arched, medium length.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders well laid; lean, sloping into slightly broadening support above straight forelegs, set well under chest giving freedom of movement without looseness.

BODY
Level back.  Body, from point of shoulder to rear point of croup, slightly longer than height at withers.  Well sprung ribs, deep brisket.

HINDQUARTERS
Muscular; hocks well let down, with good turn of stifle, well apart, turning neither in nor out.

FEET
Small and dainty, turning neither in nor out; toes well divided but not spread, pads cushioned, fine, strong, flexible pasterns.  Neither hare nor cat like, nails moderately short.

TAIL
Medium length, set high, carried up and over back (sickle tail).  When moving never tucked under or curled below the topline.  Furry, flattish in appearance, broadening slightly in centre and tapering to point.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Brisk, forceful action, neither high-stepping nor hackney; good reach without slackness in forequarters, good drive in hindquarters.  Viewed from front and behind legs should move neither too close nor too wide, with no turning in or out of feet or pasterns.  Topline should remain firm and level when moving.

COAT  

Long Coat: soft texture (never coarse or harsh to touch) either flat or slightly wavy.  Never tight and curly.  Feathering on ears, feet and legs, pants on hindquarters, large ruff on neck desirable.  Tail long and full as a plume.

COLOUR

Any colour or mixture of colours but never merle (dapple).

SIZE    
Weight: up to 2.7 kg(6 lb), with 1.8 kg to 2.7 kg (4-6lb) preferred.
 
FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

                 

Chihuahua - Smooth Coat

Posted in Toy Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Small, dainty, compact.

CHARACTERISTICS
Alert little dog; swift-moving with brisk, forceful action and saucy expression.

TEMPERAMENT
Gay, spirited and intelligent, neither snappy nor withdrawn.

HEAD AND SKULL
Well rounded ‘apple dome’ skull, cheeks and jaws lean, muzzle moderately short, slightly pointed.  Definite stop.

EYES
Large, round but not protruding; set well apart; centre of eye is on a plane with lowest point of ear and base of stop; dark or ruby.  Light eyes in light colours permissible.

EARS
Large, flaring, set on at an angle of approximately 45 degrees; giving breadth between ears.  Tipped or broken down highly undesirable.

MOUTH
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK
Slightly arched, medium length.

FOREQUARTERS
Shoulders well laid; lean, sloping into slightly broadening support above straight forelegs, set well under chest giving freedom of movement without looseness.

BODY
Level back.  Body, from point of shoulder to rear point of croup, slightly longer than height at withers.  Well sprung ribs, deep brisket.

HINDQUARTERS
Muscular; hocks well let down, with good turn of stifle, well apart, turning neither in nor out.

FEET
Small and dainty, turning neither in nor out; toes well divided but not spread, pads cushioned, fine, strong, flexible pasterns.  Neither hare nor cat like, nails moderately short.

TAIL
Medium length, set high, carried up and over back (sickle tail).  When moving never tucked under or curled below the topline.  Furry, flattish in appearance, broadening slightly in centre and tapering to point.

GAIT/MOVEMENT
Brisk, forceful action, neither high-stepping nor hackney; good reach without slackness in forequarters, good drive in hindquarters.  Viewed from front and behind legs should move neither too close nor too wide, with no turning in or out of feet or pasterns.  Topline should remain firm and level when moving.

COAT:    

Smooth Coat: Smooth, of soft texture, close and glossy, with undercoat and ruff permissible.

COLOUR
Any colour or mixture of colours but never merle (dapple).

SIZE    
Weight: up to 2.7 kgs (6 lbs), with 1.8 kgs to 2.7 kgs (4-6lbs) preferred.
 
FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NB
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

Chinese Crested

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

A small, active and graceful dog; medium to fine boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only or covered with soft veil of hair.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Two distinct types of this breed; Deer type, racy and fine boned, and Cobby type, heavier in body and bone.

TEMPERAMENT:

Happy, never vicious.

HEAD & SKULL:

Slightly rounded and elongated skull. Cheeks cleanly chiselled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle. Stop slightly pronounced but not extreme. Head smooth, without excess wrinkles. Distance from base of skull to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. Muzzle tapering slightly but never pointed, lean without flews. Nose a prominent feature, narrow in keeping with muzzle. Any colour nose acceptable. Head presenting graceful appearance, with alert expression. Lips tight and thin. An ideal, crest begins at the stop and tapers off down neck. Long and flowing crest preferred, but sparse acceptable.

EYES:

So dark as to appear black. Little or no white showing. Medium size, almond in shape. Set wide apart.

EARS:

Set low; highest point of base of ear level with outside corner of eye.  Large and erect, with or without fringe, except in Powder Puffs where drop ears are permissible.

MOUTH:

Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK:

Lean, free from throatiness, long and sloping gracefully into strong shoulders. When moving, carried high and slightly arched.

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulders clean, narrow and well laid back.  Legs long and slender, set well under body.  Elbows held close to body. Pasterns fine, strong, nearly vertical.  Toes turned neither in nor out.

BODY:

Medium to long. Supple. Chest rather broad and deep, not barrel‑ribbed. Breast bone not prominent. Brisket extending to elbows; moderate tuck‑up.

HINDQUARTERS:

Rump well‑rounded and muscular, loins taut, stifles firm and long, sweeping smoothly into the well let‑down hocks. Angulation of the rear limbs must be such as to produce a level back. Hind legs set wide apart.

FEET:

Extreme hare foot, narrow and very long, with unique elongation of small bones between joints, especially in forefeet, which almost appear to possess an extra joint. Nails any colour, moderately long.  Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern. Feet turning neither in nor out.

TAIL:

Set high, carried up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest. Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two‑thirds of tail. Sparse plume acceptable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:

Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.

COAT:

No large patches of hair anywhere on body. Skin fine grained, smooth, warm to the touch. In Powder Puffs, coat consists of an undercoat with soft veil of long hair, veil coat a feature.

COLOUR:

Any colour or combination of colours.

SIZE:

Ideal height in      Dogs:     28 ‑ 33 cm (11 ‑ 13 ins) at withers

                                Bitches: 23 ‑ 30 cm (9 ‑ 12 ins) at withers

Weight varies considerably, but should not be over 5.4 kg (12 lb).

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NB

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

                                         

Coton De Tulear

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2 to 3.
The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5.
The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:

Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The temperament of the Coton du Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.

HEAD:

Short, seen from above triangular.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull - Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed. Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches.
Stop - Slight.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose:  In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.
Muzzle:  Straight.
Lips:  Fine, tight, of the same colour as the nose.
Jaws/Teeth: Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM1 is not penalised; the M3s are not taken into consideration.
Cheeks:  Lean.
Eyes:  Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the colour of the nose.
Ears:  Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips. Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light grey (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light grey appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).

NECK:

Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no dewlap.

BODY:

Topline - very slightly convex. Dog longer than high.
Withers - Only slightly pronounced.
Back and Loin - Strong back, topline very slightly arched. Loin well muscled.
Croup - Oblique, short and muscled.
Chest - Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs well sprung.
Belly - Tucked up but not excessively.

TAIL:

Low set, in the axis of the spinal column.
At rest : carried below the hock, the tip being raised.
On the move, carried ‘gaily’ curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
General appearance: The front legs are upright. 
Shoulder and Upper Arm:  Oblique shoulder, muscled. Scapulo-humeral angle about 120°. The length of the upper arm corresponds approximately to that of the shoulder blade. 
Lower Arm:  Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone. The length of the lower arm corresponds approximately to that of the upper arm.
Carpus (Pastern Joint):  A continuation of the line of the lower arm.
Matacarpals (Pastern):  Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.
Forefeet:  Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.

HINDQUARTERS
General appearance: The hindlegs are upright. Though dewclaws are not sought after, their presence is not penalised.
Upper Thigh:  Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80°. 
Lower Thigh:- Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120°.
Hock Joint:  Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160°
Metatarsals (Rear Pasterns):  Vertical.
Hind Feet:  Similar to forefeet.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.

SKIN:

Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink colour, it can be pigmented.

COAT:
Hair: This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough, the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.
Colour: Ground colour : White. A few slight shadings of light grey colour (mixture of white and black hairs) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought after.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at Withers :

Males : 26-28cm, tolerance of 2cm above and 1cm below
Females : 23-25cm, tolerance of 2cm above and 1cm below
Weight

Males:  From 4kg to a max. of 6kg.
Females:  From 3.5kg to a max. of 5kg.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS:
Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow
Muzzle:  Disproportion between skull and muzzle
Eyes:  Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eyes
Ears:  Too short, with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear)
Neck:  Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender
Topline:  Too arched, sway backed
Croup:  Horizontal, narrow
Shoulder:  Straight
Limbs:  Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close; straight angulations
Hair:  Too short, too wavy, curly
Pigmentation:  Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discoloured nose, with unpigmented areas

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
Aggressive or overly shy

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

General Type
Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics, which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed)
Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard

Particular Points
Foreface : Bridge of nose convex
Eyes : Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes
Ears : Pricked or semi-pricked
Tail : Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the thighs; carried candle like; tailless
Hair : A typical, tightly curled, woolly, silky
Colour : Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black
Pigmentation : Total lack of pigment on eyerims, nose or lips
Anomalies
Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors
Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or the M3s.
Aggressive or extremely shy specimen

NB: 

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.  

Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan)

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Well balanced, elegant and compact, sleek and cleanly built. Head and legs proportionate thus producing the correct balance.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Toy with Terrier characteristics. Alert, remembering that historically he could acquit himself satisfactorily in the rat pit. Never unduly nervous.

HEAD: Head long, narrow and well filled up under eyes.

CRANIAL REGION : Wedge-shaped.

Skull: Flat.

Stop: Slight.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose : Black.

Muzzle : Foreface tapers gently to provide wedge-shaped impression, in profile similar to that seen when viewed from front. Although an illusion of being overshot can result, any suggestion of snipey appearance is undesirable.

Lips : Compressed lips.

Cheeks : Without emphasis of cheek muscles.

Jaws/Teeth : Top and bottom jaws held tightly together. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissors bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth level and strong.

Eyes: Dark to black, without light shading from iris. Relatively small, almond shaped, obliquely set and sparkling, not prominent.

Ears: Candle-flame shape, slightly pointed tips, placed high upon back of skull and proportionately close together. A guide to size can be obtained by bending ear forward -it should not reach eye. From nine months of age ear carriage must be erect. Entire inside of ear should face front. Leather of ear thin.

NECK: Long, graceful, slightly arched. Line of neck flowing into shoulders, and sloping off elegantly. Throatiness undesirable.

BODY: Compact.

Back: Very slightly curving from behind shoulders to loin, falling again to root of tail.

Loin: Well rounded and well cut up.

Chest: Narrow and deep with ribs well sprung.

TAIL: Thick at root, tapering to point. Set low and not reaching below hock. 'Gay' tail undesirable if displayed to excess.

LIMBS: Fine bone eminently desirable.

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulders: Well laid back.

Elbows: Close to chest.

Forelegs: Falling straight from shoulders, providing a straight front.

Forefeet: Dainty, compact; split up between toes; well arched, with jet black nails, two middle toes of front feet rather longer than others

HINDQUARTERS:

General Appearance: Buttocks gently rounded. A "tucked under" appearance undesirable.

Stifle: Well Angulated.

Hocks: Well let down; neither turning in nor out.

Hind feet: Cat-like, dainty; compact; split up between toes; well arched, with jet black nails, hare feet undesirable.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Ideal fore-movement akin to the "extended trot"; hackney action not desirable; equally a "shuffling gait" undesirable. Hind action smooth with ease and precision combined with drive; there should be flowing quality to indicate true soundness.

COAT: Thick, close and glossy. A density of short hair required.

COLOUR: Black and tan. The black ebony, the tan likened to a new chestnut deeply rich. Colours not running or blending into each other, but meeting abruptly, forming clear and well defined lines of colour division. Forelegs tanned to knees in front. The tan then continuing inside and at back of forelegs to point just below elbows; thin black line up each toe (pencilling) and a clearly defined black mark (thumb mark) on centre of each pastern, and under chin. Hindlegs well tanned in front and inside with black bar dividing tan at centre of lower thigh. Heavy tan on outside of hindquarters (breaching or culottes) undesirable. Muzzle well tanned. The black continuing from nose along top of muzzle, curving below eyes to base of throat. A tan spot above each eye and a small tan spot on each cheek. Under jaw and throat tanned, lip line black. Hair inside ears tan (tan behind ears undesirable). Each side of chest has some tan. Vent and under root of tail, tan. White hairs forming a patch anywhere totally undesirable.

SIZE/WEIGHT: Ideal height 25-30 cm at the shoulder. Ideal weight 2.7-3.6 kg.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

Griffon Bruxellois

Posted in Toy Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

As from 01.10.2014 KUSA will revert back to the Kennel Club (UK) Breed Standard for the Griffon Bruxellois 

GENERAL APPEARANCE

A cobby, well-balanced, square little dog, giving appearance of measuring the same from withers to tail root as from withers to ground.

CHARACTERISTICS

Smart little dog with disposition of a terrier. Two varieties, rough coated, Griffon Bruxellois and smooth coated, Petit Brabançon. Both with pert, monkey-like expression, heavy for size.

TEMPERAMENT

Lively and alert.

HEAD AND SKULL

Head fairly large in comparison to body, rounded but in no way domed, moderately wide between the ears. Hair on skull, in roughs rather coarse. Nose black, with large wide-open nostrils and definite stop between muzzle and skull. Relatively short, wide muzzle, neat lips, with good turn-up. Chin prominent, in roughs furnished with beard.

EYES

Black-rimmed, very dark, round, clear and well spaced. Moderately large; size should be in proportion to size of skull. Alert expression.

EARS

Semi-erect, high-set, the smaller the better.

MOUTH

Slightly undershot with even teeth, not showing teeth or tongue.

NECK

Medium length, slightly arched, springing from well laid back shoulders.

FOREQUARTERS

Chest rather wide and deep, legs straight of medium length and bone.

BODY

Short back, level from withers to tail root, neither roaching nor dipping; deep; well-sprung ribs; short, strong loin. 

HINDQUARTERS

Well muscled thighs of good length, hocks low to ground, turning neither in nor out, stifles well bent. 

FEET

Small, thick, cat-like with black toenails.

TAIL

Previously customarily docked.

Docked: Docked short, high set, emerging at right angles from level topline.

Undocked: High set, emerging at right angles from level topline. Of moderate length, curved gently over back when moving.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT

Free with good drive from rear. Moving true coming and going. High stepping front movement undesirable.

COAT

Roughs: harsh, wiry, free from curl, preferably with undercoat.

Smooths: short and tight.

COLOUR

Clear red, black or black and rich tan without white markings. In clear red, a darker shade on mask and ears desirable. Ideally each hair should be an even red from tip to root. Frosting on muzzles of mature smooths should not be penalised.

SIZE

3.2-5kg (7-11 lb); most desirable 3.6-4.5kg (8-10lb)

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

NB

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/Feb 2018)

                                               

                                                          

Havanese (Bichon Havanais)

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The breed comes from the Western Mediterranean region and has developed along the Spanish and Italian coastal region. It would seem that these dogs were imported early in Cuba by ocean navigating Italian captains.

Erroneously, the most frequent brown colour of these dogs (tobacco) gave birth to the legend which would mean it to be a breed originating from Havana, capital of Cuba. The political events however have led to the total disappearance of the old blood lines of the Havanese in Cuba; apparently a few dogs could be successfully smuggled out from Cuba; their descendants have survived in the
U.S.A.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Havanese is a sturdy little dog, low on his legs, with long abundant hair, soft and preferably wavy. His movement is lively and elastic.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the muzzle (tip of nose to stop) is equal to the distance between the stop and the occipital protuberance. The relation between the length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) and the height at the withers is of 4/3.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Exceptionally bright he is easy to train as alarm dog. Affectionate, of a happy nature, he is amiable, a charmer, playful and even a bit of a clown. He loves children and plays endlessly with them.

HEAD: Of medium length, the relation between the length of the head and that of the trunk (measured from the withers to the base of the tail) is of 3/7.
CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Flat to very slightly rounded, broad; forehead hardly rising; seen from above it is rounded at the back and almost straight and square on the other three sides.
Stop: Moderately marked.
FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Black or brown.
Muzzle: Narrowing progressively and slightly towards the nose but neither snipey nor truncated.
Lips: Fine, lean, tight.
Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite. A complete dentition is desirable. The absence of premolars 1 (PM1) and molars 3 (M3) is tolerated.
Cheeks: Very flat, not prominent.
Eyes: Quite big, almond shape, of brown colour as dark as possible. Kind expression. The eyes rims must be dark brown to black.
Ears: Set relatively high; they fall along the cheeks forming a discreet fold which raises them slightly. Their extremity is in a lightly rounded point. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Neither propeller ears (sticking sideways), nor stuck to the cheeks.

NECK: Of medium length.

BODY: The length of the body is slightly superior to that of the height at the withers.
Back: Topline straight, slightly arched over the loin.
Croup: Noticeably inclined.
Ribs: Well sprung.
Belly (abdomen): Well tucked up.

TAIL: Carried high, either in shape of a crozier or preferably rolled over the back; it is furnished with feathering of long silky hair.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS: Forelegs straight and parallel, lean; good bone structure. The distance from the ground to the elbow must not be greater than that between the elbow and the withers.
HINDQUARTERS: Good bone structure; moderate angulations.
FEET: Of slightly elongated shape; small; tight toes.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: According to his happy nature, the Havanese has a strikingly light-footed and elastic gait; forelegs with free stride and pointing straight forward, the hindlegs giving them the impulsion and moving in a straight line.

COAT
HAIR: Undercoat woolly and not very developed; it is often totally absent. The topcoat is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy and may form curly strands. All grooming, the usage of
scissors to even out the length of the coat and all trimming is forbidden.
Exception: tidying up the hair on the feet is permitted, the hair on the forehead may be slightly shortened so that it does not cover the eyes and the hair on the muzzle may be slightly tidied up, but it is preferable to leave it in natural length.
COLOUR:
Rarely completely pure white, fawn in its different shades (slight blackened overlay admitted), black, havana-brown, tobacco colour, reddish-brown. Patches in mentioned colours allowed.
Tan markings in all nuances permitted.

SIZE:
Height at the withers: From 23 to 27 cm.
Tolerance: from 21 to 29 cm.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog.

IMPORTANT FAULTS:
•    General appearance lacking in type.
•    Truncated or snipey muzzle, length not identical to that of the skull.
•    Bird of prey eyes; eyes too deep set or prominent; rims of eyelids partially depigmented.
•    Body too long or too short.
•    Straight tail, not carried high.
•    « French » front (pasterns too close, feet turned outwards).
•    Deformed hind feet.
•    Coat harsh, not abundant; hair short except on puppies; groomed coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
•    Aggressive or overly shy.
•    Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
•    Depigmented nose.
•    Upper or lower prognathism.
•    Ectropion, entropion; rim of eyelids of one or both eyes depigmented.
•    Size over or under the indicated norms of the standard.

N.B.:
•    Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
•    Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Copyright FCI 12/1/2009 – Reprinted with permission

The publisher of this edition is the Kennel Union of Southern Africa. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without permission in writing from the publisher. The publisher of this edition is the Kennel Union of Southern Africa.

FCI (250) Group 9

Fedco 12-2014/NP/Updated 19.01.2015

Most recent changes to this Standard has an effective date of 02.04.2015

Italian Greyhound

Posted in Toy Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
A Greyhound in miniature, more slender in all proportions.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Elegant, graceful and quick moving.

TEMPERAMENT:
Intelligent, affectionate and vivacious; may appear aloof.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Skull long, flat and narrow; slight stop. Muzzle fine and long. Nose dark in colour.

EYES:
Rather large, bright; full of expression.

EARS:
Rose shaped, placed well back, soft and fine, not pricked.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth even.  

NECK:
Long, gracefully arched.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulders long and sloping. Legs straight; well set under shoulders; fine, strong bone and pasterns.

BODY:
Chest deep and narrow. Good length of rib and brisket. Back slightly arched over loin.

HINDQUARTERS:
Long, well muscled thigh; hind legs parallel when viewed from behind; well bent stifle, hocks well let down.

FEET:
Hare feet.

TAIL:
Low set, long, fine, carried low.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
High stepping and free action. Front and hindlegs to move forward in a straight line with propulsion from behind.

COAT:
Skin fine and supple. Hair, short, fine and glossy.

COLOUR:
Black, blue, cream, fawn, red, white or any of these colours broken with white.  White dogs may be broken with one of these colours. Black or blue with tan markings, or brindle not acceptable.

SIZE:
Ideal Height 32 - 38cm (12½-15in) at withers. Ideal Weight 3.6 – 4.5kg (8-10lb). Overall type and elegance essential.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
 

Japanese Chin

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.  

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Elegant and aristocratic, smart, compact with profuse coat.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Intelligent, happy, lively little dog who has look of astonishment peculiar to this breed.

TEMPERAMENT:
Gay, happy, gentle and good natured.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Fairly large in proportion to size of dog, moderately broad skull, rounded in front and between ears but never domed. Nose large with open nostrils, black, except in red and whites where the colour can be appropriate to markings. Muzzle short, wide, well cushioned i.e. upper lips rounded on each side of nostrils, jaws level.

EYES:
Moderately large, dark, set far apart. Size should be proportion to size of skull. Small amount of white shows in the inner corners, giving characteristic look of astonishment. Eyes should be forward facing, not set on side of head.

EARS:
Small, set wide apart, high on head, carried slightly forward, V-shaped, well feathered.

MOUTH:
Bite preferably level or slightly undershot; wry mouth or tongue showing highly undesirable.

NECK:
Moderate length, carried proudly.

FOREQUARTERS:
Legs straight, fine bone, giving slender appearance, well feathered down to the feet.

BODY:
Square and compactly built, wide in chest, ‘cobby’. Length of body equal to height at withers.

HINDQUARTERS:
Straight, viewed from behind, good turn of stifle, profusely feathered from back of thighs.
    
FEET:
Slender, hare footed, feathered at tips, pointing neither in nor out.

TAIL:
Set high on level back, profusely feathered, closely curved or plumed over back.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Stylish, straight in movement, with good reach and elevation when in motion, no plaiting and showing no weakness in hind movement.

COAT:
Profuse, long, soft, straight, of silky texture. Absolutely free from curl or wave, not too flat, having a tendency to stand out especially at frill of neck.

COLOUR:
Black and white or red and white. Never tricolour. Red includes all shades of sable, lemon or orange. The brighter and clearer the red the better.  Colour evenly distributed on cheeks and ears and as patches on body. White should be clear not flecked.

SIZE:
Daintier the better, providing type, quality and soundness are not sacrificed. Ideal weight 1.8 - 3.2kg (4 - 7lb).

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

                                           

King Charles Spaniel

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Refined, compact and cobby.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Happy, intelligent, toy spaniel with distinctive domed head.

TEMPERAMENT:

Reserved, gentle and affectionate.

HEAD AND SKULL:

Skull moderately large in comparison to size, well domed, full over eyes.  Nose black with large, wide open nostrils, very short and turned up.  Stop between skull and nose well defined.  Muzzle square, wide and deep, well turned up, lower jaw wide, lips exactly meeting, giving nice finish.  Cheeks not falling away under eyes but well cushioned.

EYES:

Relatively large and dark, set wide apart, eyelids block square to face line, pleasing expression.

EARS:

Set on low, hanging quite flat to cheeks, very long and well feathered.

MOUTH:

Bite should be slightly undershot. Protruding tongue highly undesirable.

NECK:

Of medium length; arched giving proud carriage of head.

FOREQUARTERS:

Legs short, straight.  Shoulders well laid back, elbows close to rib cage, turning neither in nor out.

BODY:

Chest wide and deep, back short and level.

HINDQUARTERS:

Sufficient muscle to give positive driving movement, stifles well bent, hocks well let down and defined.  Straight when viewed from behind, turning neither in nor out.

FEET:

Compact, well-padded and feathered, toes well knuckled, round cat shaped foot, well cushioned, pasterns firm.

TAIL:

Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back.  Docking optional.

[*refer note below]

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Free, active and elegant, driving from behind.  Sound movement highly desirable.

COAT:

Long, silky and straight, slight wave allowed, never curly.  Legs, ears and tail profusely feathered.

COLOUR:

Black and Tan:  Rich glossy black, with bright mahogany-tan markings on muzzle, legs, chest, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes.  White patch on chest undesirable.

Tricolour:  Ground pearly white, with well distributed black patches, brilliant tan markings on cheeks, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes.  Wide white blaze between eyes and up forehead.

Blenheim:  Ground pearly white, with well distributed chestnut-red patches.  Wide, clear blaze with the ‘spot’ in centre of skull, should be a clear chestnut red mark about the size of a penny.

Ruby:  Whole coloured, rich chestnut red.  White patch on chest highly undesirable.

SIZE:

Weight :               3.6 - 6.3kg (8 - 14lb).

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health & welfare of the dog 

NOTE:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either.  (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/Feb 2018)                                                         

 

Löwchen (Little Lion Dog)

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Coat clipped in traditional lion clip, tail also clipped, topped with plume, giving the appearance of the little lion.  Strongly built, active, well balanced and alert.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Gay, lively and alert little dog.

TEMPERAMENT:

Intelligent, affectionate showing no sign of aggression.

HEAD & SKULL:

Short, fairly broad.  Skull flat between ears, head carried proud and high.  Well defined stop; short, strong muzzle.

EYES:

Round, dark, relatively large and intelligent, unbroken pigmentation of eye rims, pigment to be in accordance with coat colour.

EARS:

Ears pendant, of moderate length with long fringing.

MOUTH:

Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK:

Good length, proudly arched.

FOREQUARTERS:

Forequarters shoulders well laid. Forelegs straight with round bone, not too fine.

BODY:

Short, strong and well proportioned. Level topline. Ribs well sprung. Strong loin with moderate tuck up.

HINDQUARTERS:

Hindlegs well‑muscled. Good turn of stifle; straight when viewed from rear.

FEET:

Small, round.

TAIL:

Medium length, clipped with a tuft of hair to resemble a plume. Carried gaily on the move.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Free parallel movement fore and aft, no hackneyed action.

COAT:

Fairly long, wavy, never curly. Single coat of silky texture. Coat to be shown in its natural state without scissoring or sculpting, apart from the traditional lion clip.

COLOUR:

Any colour or combination of colours permissible. Merle is not acceptable.

SIZE:

Height at withers 25‑33cm (10 ‑ 13in).

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

Maltese

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

MALTESE

(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Smart, white-coated dog, with proud head carriage.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Lively, intelligent, alert.

TEMPERAMENT:

Sweet tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:

The skull is gently rounded viewed from front and sides but never domed or apple headed. Stop well defined. Muzzle broad, not snipey. Slightly shorter from nose to stop than from stop to occiput. Muzzle never shorter than in the ratio of 1:2. Nose black.

EYES:

Oval, not bulging, dark brown, black eye rims, with dark haloes.

EARS:

Long, well feathered, hanging close to head; hair to mingle with coat at shoulders.

MOUTH:

Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth even.

NECK:

Medium length.

FOREQUARTERS:

Legs short and straight. Shoulders well sloped.

BODY:

Well balanced, essentially short and cobby. Good spring of rib, back level from withers to tail.

HINDQUARTERS:

Legs short, well angulated.

FEET:

Round, pads black.

TAIL:

Feathered, carried well arched over back.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Straight and free-flowing, without weaving. Viewed from behind, legs should neither be too close nor too wide apart.

COAT:

Reasonable length, never impeding action, straight, of silky texture, never woolly. Never crimped and without woolly undercoat.

COLOUR:

Pure white but slight lemon markings permissible.

SIZE:

Height not exceeding 25 cms (10 ins) from ground to withers.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog.

NOTE:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding. 

Miniature Pinscher

Posted in Toy Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

Well balanced, sturdy, compact, elegant, short-coupled, smooth-coated Toy dog. Naturally well groomed, proud, vigorous and alert.

CHARACTERISTICS

Precise hackney gait, fearless animation, complete self-possession and spirited presence.

TEMPERAMENT

Fearless and alert.

HEAD AND SKULL

More elongated than short and round. Narrow, without conspicuous cheek formation. In proportion to body. Skull flat when viewed from front.  Muzzle rather strong and proportionate to skull. Nostrils well formed. Nose black with the exception of chocolate and blue in which it may be self-coloured. 

EYES

Fitting well into face. Neither too full nor round, nor too small or slanting. Black or nearly black.

EARS

Set on high, as small as possible, erect or dropped.

MOUTH

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK

Strong yet graceful, slightly arched. Well fitted into shoulders. Free from throatiness.

FOREQUARTERS

Forechest well developed and full, moderately broad; shoulders clean, sloping with moderate angulation. Legs straight, medium bone, elbows close to body.

BODY

Square, back line straight, sloping towards rear. Belly moderately tucked up. Ribs well sprung, deep rather than barrelled. Viewed from top slightly wedge-shaped.

HINDQUARTERS

Parallel and wide enough apart to fit in with a properly built body. Hindquarters well developed, muscular with good sweep of stifle, and hocks turning neither in nor out. Legs straight, medium bone.

FEET

Cat-like; nails dark.

TAIL

Previously customarily docked.

Docked: Short. Continuation of topline. Carried a little high.

Undocked: Continuation of topline. Set and carried a little high. Length to give an overall balanced appearance.

(*refer note below)

GAIT/MOVEMENT

Co-ordinated to permit a true hackneyed action.

COAT

Smooth, hard and short. Straight and lustrous. Closely adhering to and uniformly covering body. Hair forming ridge on any part of head, body or legs highly undesirable.

COLOUR

Black, blue, chocolate with sharply defined tan markings on cheeks, lips, lower jaw, throat, twin spots above eyes and chest, lower half of forelegs, inside of hindlegs and vent region, lower portion of hocks and feet. All above colours have black pencilling on toes without thumb marks, except chocolates which have brown pencilling. Solid red of various shades. Slight white on chest permissible but undesirable.

SIZE

Height from 25 - 30cm (10 - 12in) at withers.

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog

NOTE

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

*Regardless of the provisions of the current KUSA-adopted standard, docked or formerly docked breeds may be shown at all FCI- and KUSA-licensed shows in South Africa, whether their tails are docked, or natural. Under no circumstances are judges permitted to discriminate against exhibits on the grounds of docked, or natural tails and equal consideration for awards must be given to either. (Fedco 12/2017 Amended DR/Feb 2018)

                                                                                                                                                                               

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