Notice- Regulations Alert Level 3 under the Disaster Management Act

Regulations for Alert Level 3 during COVID-19 lockdown, issued under the Disaster Management Act, No. 57 of 2002 

With dog shows proceeding under Adjusted Alert Level 3, it is necessary for the Kennel Union to bring the following to the attention of all those hosting and organising dog shows, and those contemplating attending them:

The Regulations issued in terms of the Disaster Management Act for Adjusted Alert Level 3 provide, inter alia, as follows in respect of “social gatherings”, provisions which also cover KUSA-licensed dog shows:

  • The owner or operator of the facility where the gathering is held must display a “certificate of occupancy” which states the maximum number of people the facility may hold, i.e. 100. [Regulation 36(2)]
  • Failure to display a “certificate of occupancy” renders the owner or operator of the facility liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or [Regulation 36(3)]
  • The convener of a gathering must ensure the limitation of 100 persons at an outdoor facility is [Regulation 36(5)]
  • Failure to comply with the 100 persons limitation constitutes an offence on the part of the convener which, upon conviction, renders him/her liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or [Regulation 36(6)]
  • Any person attending a gathering who knows, or ought reasonably to have known or suspected, that the number of people will exceed the 100-persons limit, will be guilty of an offence and, upon conviction, be liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or both. [Regulation 36(7)]
  • In happening upon a gathering exceeding 100 people, an enforcement officer must order the assembled to disperse immediately. Any persons refusing to disperse may face arrest and detention under the Criminal Procedure Act, 51 of 1977. [Regulation 36(14)]

It is important for all those involved in the hosting and organisation of dog shows to be aware that KUSA’s Public Liability Insurance only covers KUSA-licensed events insofar as they are “legal” under prevailing national laws. In consequence, owners and operators of venues, as well as conveners of dog shows, are hereby advised that KUSA accepts neither responsibility, nor liability, vicarious or otherwise, for shows at which the legislated limits for gatherings are not strictly observed.

Any transgression in the upholding of the legislated limitation of a gathering shall automatically invalidate the licence KUSA had issued for the show. Should any liability arise from a show at which the authorised size of the gathering had been exceeded, such liability shall fall to the owner or operator of the facility, or the convener of such unlawful gathering, as the case may be.

Pascale Midgley

General Manager

The Kennel Union of Southern Africa


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A Tribute to Gael Morison


Gael was born in Pietermaritzburg, where she lived until 1988. Her parents bred and exhibited Rough Collies under the “Clan Campbell” Affix and were both KUSA Judges. Gael therefore enjoyed a typical “doggy” childhood, exposed to all facets of dogdom.

A fellow Rough Collie-exhibitor imported an Afghan Hound into South Africa.Gael’s fate was sealed; she simply had to own one of these exotic hounds!

Gael married Peter Cliff in 1971.

Gael acquired her first Afghan Hound in 1973, sadly not a show dog. A short while later, her parents decided the time had come to pass the torch and gifted her a quality foundation dog and bitch. Gael and Peter started travelling to shows all over the country. They registered their Atlantis Affix with KUSA in 1976 and enjoyed considerable success in the show ring with their Afghan Hounds until their separation in 1986.

1n 1994 Gael added Shetland Sheepdogs to her kennel and continued her success with these two breeds, both as breeder an exhibitor.

Gael met Les, a Scotsman who had spent some time in what was then Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia, when he moved to KwaZulu-Natal (“Natal” back then!) in 1986.  After tying the knot, they moved to Hillcrest. Les was co-owner of Nashua Durban and they were fortunate to travel the world attending Dealer Conferences, which allowed them to attend many shows overseas. Dog-wise, Les was from a Working background and he soon obtained his judging qualification for the Working Group when the Herding Group was still subsumed into the Working Group.

Gael and Les became deeply involved with Clubs in KZN, not only serving on Committees, but also regularly stewarding at Shows. They independently continued to further their judging careers and Gael achieved All-breeds status in 1994.

Over the years, Gael & Les imported two Afghan Hounds from the U.K. and 1 from Spain.

Shetland Sheepdogs remained their choice for a second breed and the Shelties became Les’s heart dogs; he found them way more biddable than the Afghans! Les’s passion led to Sheltie imports from Australia and Canada for Kennel Atlantis.

Apart from their frequent assignments in South Africa, Gael & Les judged all over the world and will hopefully continue to fly the South African flag from their new base in the UK. They were never happier than when invited to judge on the same panel overseas, which they were fortunate to do on many trips to Australia, Canada and the U.K.

Gael has never hesitated to share her extensive knowledge of dogs with learner Judges and has served on the Judges Education Council of KUSA since its inception. At the time of leaving South Africa, Gael was the Chairman of the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Council and a valued member of the Federal Council of KUSA.

It is with great sadness that we bid Gael and Les farewell but, as we do so, we wish them nothing but happiness and prosperity in their new home country. We know that, in Gael’s own words, they will always be “proudly South African dog people” and that they will miss us as much as we will miss them.

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French Bulldog

Posted in Utility Group


A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 01.01.2016)


Companion and Toy dog.


Probably descending, like all mastiffs, from the Epirus and the Roman Empire molossers, relative of the Bulldog of Great Britain, the Alaunts (tribe of the Middle Ages), the mastiffs and small-type mastiffs of France. The bulldog we know is the product of different crossings done by enthusiastic breeders in the popular quarters of Paris in the 1880s. During that period, the Bulldog was a dog belonging to Parisian market porters, butchers and coachmen, it soon won over high society and the artistic world by its particular appearance and character. It rapidly became popular. The first breed club was founded in 1880 in Paris. The first registration dates from 1885 and the first standard was established in 1898, the year in which the French Kennel Club recognized the French Bulldog breed. The first dog of this breed was shown at an exhibition as early as 1887. The standard, modified in 1931-1932 and 1948, was reformulated in 1986 by H.F. Reant with the collaboration of R. Triquet (F.C.I. publication 1987), then in 1994 by Violette Guillon (F.C.I. publication 1995) and in 2012 by the French Bulldog Club committee.


The type is of a small-sized molossian. A powerful dog for its small size, short, stocky, compact in all its proportions, smooth-coated, with a snub nose, erect ears and a naturally short tail. Must have the appearance of an active, intelligent, very muscular dog, of a compact build with a solid bone structure. No point is exaggerated compared to the others, which could spoil the dog’s general harmony, in appearance and in movement.


The length of the body – between the point of the shoulder and the point of the buttocks – slightly surpasses the height at the withers. The length of muzzle is about 1/6 of the total length of the head.


Sociable, lively, playful, possessive and keen companion dog.


Must be strong, broad and square, covered by the skin of the head which forms symmetrical folds and wrinkles, without excess.


Skull: Broad, almost flat from ear to ear, domed forehead. Proeminent superciliary arches, separated by a particularly developed furrow between the eyes. The furrow must not extend onto the skull. External occipital protuberance is barely developed.

Stop: Pronounced.


The head of the Bulldog is characterized by a shortening of the maxillary-nasal part as well as a slight to moderate slope of the nose backwards. The nose is slightly upturned (“snub nose”).

Nose: Black, broad, snubbed, with symmetrical and well opened nostrils, slanting towards the rear. The slope of the nostrils as well as the upturned nose must, however, allow normal nasal breathing.

Muzzle: Very short, broad, with concentric symmetrical folds.

Lips: Thick, a little loose and black. The upper lip meets the lower lip at its middle, completely covering the teeth. The profile of the upper lip is descending and rounded. The tongue must never show when the dog is not excited.

Jaws/Teeth: Broad and powerful. The lower jaw projects in front of the upper jaw and turns up. The arch of the lower incisors is rounded. The jaw must not show lateral deviation, or torsion.

The gap between the incisors of the upper and the lower jaw should not be strictly delimited, the essential condition being that the upper and the lower lips meet to completely cover the teeth. The lower incisors surpass the upper incisors. Sufficiently developed incisors and canines. Complete bite is desirable.

Cheeks: Well developed.

Eyes: Clearly visible eyes, striking with lively expression, set low, quite far from the nose and the ears, dark coloured, rather large, rounded, showing no trace of white (sclera) when the dog is looking straight forward. Rims of eyelids must be black.

Ears: Medium size, wide at the base and rounded at the top. Set high on the head, but not too close together, carried erect. The ear is open towards the front. The skin must be fine and soft to the touch.


Short, powerful, slightly arched, without dewlap, broadens towards the shoulder.


Topline: Rising progressively, but not excessively, from the withers towards the loin. That conformation – also called roachback – is typical for the breed.

Back: Broad and muscular, firm without slackness.

Loin: Short, broad and arched.

Croup: Well sloping.

Chest: Cylindrical and well let down (slightly under the elbows); very well sprung ribs, so-called “barrel shaped”. Fore chest, broad and square-shaped, seen from the front.

Underline and belly: Tucked up but not whippety.


Naturally short, ideally long enough to cover the anus, set low, rather straight, thick at the base and tapering at the tip. A kinked, knotted, broken or relatively long tail that does not reach beyond the point of the hocks, is admitted. It is carried low. Even in action, the tail must not rise above the horizontal.



General appearance: Forelegs upright (and straight) seen in profile and from the front.

Shoulder: Must be well laid back.

Upper arm: Short, thick, muscular, slightly curved.

Elbows: Close and tight to the body.

Forearm: Short, straight and muscular.

Carpus (Wrist): Solid and short.

Metacarpus (Pastern): Short and slightly oblique seen in profile.

Forefeet: Round, compact, of small dimension, i.e. «cat feet», turning slightly outward. The toes are tight, nails short, thick and black.


General appearance: The hindlegs are strong and muscular, a little longer than the forelegs, thus raising the hindquarters. The legs are upright as seen both in profile and from behind.

Thigh: Well muscled, firm.

Hock joint: Quite well let down, neither too angulated nor too straight. Tarsus : solid.

Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Short.

Hind feet: Round, compact, turning neither inward nor outward.


The legs moving parallel to the median plane of the body, whether seen in front or in profile. Free, powerful and smooth movement.




Hair: Smooth coat, close, glossy and soft, without undercoat.

Colour: fawn, brindled or not, with or without white spotting.

Coat with colouring:

Brindle: Fawn coat moderately characterized by transversal dark brindling creating a ‘tiger-marked’ effect, strongly brindled coats must not cover out the fawn ground colour. A black mask may be present. Limited white spotting is admissible.

Fawn: Solid coat, from light fawn to dark fawn, sometimes presenting a paler colouring of the inclined parts, with or without a black mask, although masked subjects are preferred. Sometimes accompanied by limited white spotting.

Coat with white spotting:

Brindled with moderate or important white spotting: So-called ‘pied’, the spotting being ideally distributed over the entire subject. Some blotches on the skin are admissible.

Fawn with moderate or important white spotting:

So-called ‘fawn and white’, the spotting being ideally distributed over the entire dog. Some blotches of the skin are tolerated. The nose is always black, in all coat colours, never brown or blue. The all–white subjects provided the edge of eyelids and nose are black – are admitted but not bred for, because of a risk of deafness.


Height at the withers: Males: 27–35 cm. Females: 24–32 cm.

A deviation of 1 cm above and below the standard is tolerated.

Weight: Males: 9–14 kg. Females: 8–13 kg.

500 g more than the standard weight is allowed when the subject is typical.


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Strongly flecked with black brindle with white coat.
  • Fawn and white coat strongly red speckled.
  • In fawn coats, deep black trace extending along the spine.
  • White stockings in brindles and fawns.
  • Light-coloured nails.


  • Overtyped, exaggerated breed characteristics.
  • Muzzle too long or excessively short.
  • Tongue visible when mouth is closed.
  • Light eyes (hawk eye).
  • Horizontal topline from withers to loin.
  • Excessive depigmentation of the lips, nose, eyelids, the rim of which should never be entirely depigmented.
  • Pincer bite.


  • Aggressive or overly shy dog.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Lacks type: insufficient ethnic characteristics which result in the dog not really resembling other subjects of the breed.
  • Completely closed nostrils.
  • Torsion or lateral deviation of the jaw, resulting in the tongue constantly being visible.
  • Dog with lower incisors articulating behind upper incisors.
  • Dog with permanently visible canines (fangs), mouth being closed.
  • Heterochrome eyes (wall eye).
  • Colour of nose other than black.
  • Ears not carried erect.
  • Taillessness or ingrown tail.
  • Dewclaw on hindquarters.
  • Reversed hock.
  • Long, wired-haired or woolly coat.
  • Colour not in accordance with what is prescribed in the standard, namely black, black with fawn markings (black and tan) and all dilutions of black with or without white spotting.
  • Size and weight outside the standard limits.
  • Respiratory distress.


  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.