News

Notice- Regulations Alert Level 3 under the Disaster Management Act

Regulations for Alert Level 3 during COVID-19 lockdown, issued under the Disaster Management Act, No. 57 of 2002 

With dog shows proceeding under Adjusted Alert Level 3, it is necessary for the Kennel Union to bring the following to the attention of all those hosting and organising dog shows, and those contemplating attending them:

The Regulations issued in terms of the Disaster Management Act for Adjusted Alert Level 3 provide, inter alia, as follows in respect of “social gatherings”, provisions which also cover KUSA-licensed dog shows:

  • The owner or operator of the facility where the gathering is held must display a “certificate of occupancy” which states the maximum number of people the facility may hold, i.e. 100. [Regulation 36(2)]
  • Failure to display a “certificate of occupancy” renders the owner or operator of the facility liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or [Regulation 36(3)]
  • The convener of a gathering must ensure the limitation of 100 persons at an outdoor facility is [Regulation 36(5)]
  • Failure to comply with the 100 persons limitation constitutes an offence on the part of the convener which, upon conviction, renders him/her liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or [Regulation 36(6)]
  • Any person attending a gathering who knows, or ought reasonably to have known or suspected, that the number of people will exceed the 100-persons limit, will be guilty of an offence and, upon conviction, be liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or both. [Regulation 36(7)]
  • In happening upon a gathering exceeding 100 people, an enforcement officer must order the assembled to disperse immediately. Any persons refusing to disperse may face arrest and detention under the Criminal Procedure Act, 51 of 1977. [Regulation 36(14)]

It is important for all those involved in the hosting and organisation of dog shows to be aware that KUSA’s Public Liability Insurance only covers KUSA-licensed events insofar as they are “legal” under prevailing national laws. In consequence, owners and operators of venues, as well as conveners of dog shows, are hereby advised that KUSA accepts neither responsibility, nor liability, vicarious or otherwise, for shows at which the legislated limits for gatherings are not strictly observed.

Any transgression in the upholding of the legislated limitation of a gathering shall automatically invalidate the licence KUSA had issued for the show. Should any liability arise from a show at which the authorised size of the gathering had been exceeded, such liability shall fall to the owner or operator of the facility, or the convener of such unlawful gathering, as the case may be.

Pascale Midgley

General Manager

The Kennel Union of Southern Africa

30.07.2021

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A Tribute to Gael Morison

A TRIBUTE TO GAEL MORISON, FEDERAL COUNCILLOR, ON HER RELOCATING TO THE UNITED KINGDOM, JULY 2021

Gael was born in Pietermaritzburg, where she lived until 1988. Her parents bred and exhibited Rough Collies under the “Clan Campbell” Affix and were both KUSA Judges. Gael therefore enjoyed a typical “doggy” childhood, exposed to all facets of dogdom.

A fellow Rough Collie-exhibitor imported an Afghan Hound into South Africa.Gael’s fate was sealed; she simply had to own one of these exotic hounds!

Gael married Peter Cliff in 1971.

Gael acquired her first Afghan Hound in 1973, sadly not a show dog. A short while later, her parents decided the time had come to pass the torch and gifted her a quality foundation dog and bitch. Gael and Peter started travelling to shows all over the country. They registered their Atlantis Affix with KUSA in 1976 and enjoyed considerable success in the show ring with their Afghan Hounds until their separation in 1986.

1n 1994 Gael added Shetland Sheepdogs to her kennel and continued her success with these two breeds, both as breeder an exhibitor.

Gael met Les, a Scotsman who had spent some time in what was then Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia, when he moved to KwaZulu-Natal (“Natal” back then!) in 1986.  After tying the knot, they moved to Hillcrest. Les was co-owner of Nashua Durban and they were fortunate to travel the world attending Dealer Conferences, which allowed them to attend many shows overseas. Dog-wise, Les was from a Working background and he soon obtained his judging qualification for the Working Group when the Herding Group was still subsumed into the Working Group.

Gael and Les became deeply involved with Clubs in KZN, not only serving on Committees, but also regularly stewarding at Shows. They independently continued to further their judging careers and Gael achieved All-breeds status in 1994.

Over the years, Gael & Les imported two Afghan Hounds from the U.K. and 1 from Spain.

Shetland Sheepdogs remained their choice for a second breed and the Shelties became Les’s heart dogs; he found them way more biddable than the Afghans! Les’s passion led to Sheltie imports from Australia and Canada for Kennel Atlantis.

Apart from their frequent assignments in South Africa, Gael & Les judged all over the world and will hopefully continue to fly the South African flag from their new base in the UK. They were never happier than when invited to judge on the same panel overseas, which they were fortunate to do on many trips to Australia, Canada and the U.K.

Gael has never hesitated to share her extensive knowledge of dogs with learner Judges and has served on the Judges Education Council of KUSA since its inception. At the time of leaving South Africa, Gael was the Chairman of the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Council and a valued member of the Federal Council of KUSA.

It is with great sadness that we bid Gael and Les farewell but, as we do so, we wish them nothing but happiness and prosperity in their new home country. We know that, in Gael’s own words, they will always be “proudly South African dog people” and that they will miss us as much as we will miss them.

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American Akita

Posted in Working Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

AMERICAN AKITA – Working Group
(Effective 01.01.2016)

UTILIZATION:
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
In the beginning, the history of the American Akitas is similar to the history of Japanese Akitas. Since 1603, in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bearhunting dogs) were used as fighting dogs. From 1868, Akita Matagis were crossbred with Tosas and Mastiffs. Consequently, the size of Akitas increased, but characteristics associated with Spitz type were lost. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but Akitas were nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of Akitas were designated as « Natural Monuments » in 1931. During World War II (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments. The police ordered the capture and confiscation of all dogs other than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs. When World War II ended, Akitas had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct types: 1) Matagi Akitas 2) Fighting Akitas 3) Shepherd Akitas. This created a very confusing situation in the breed. During the restoration process of the pure breed after the war, Kongo-go of the Dewa line enjoyed a temporary, but tremendous popularity. Many Akitas of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd influence, were brought back to the United States by members of the Military Forces. The Akitas from the Dewa line, intelligent and capable of adapting to different environments, fascinated breeders in the United States and the line was developed with increasing number of breeders and a great rise in popularity. The Akita Club of America was established in 1956 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted the breed (inscription into the stud book and regular show status) in October 1972. However, at this time, the AKC and the JKC (Japan Kennel Club) did not have reciprocal agreements for recognizing each other’s pedigrees and therefore the door was closed for the introduction of the new bloodlines from Japan. Consequently, Akitas in the United States became considerably different from those in Japan, the country of origin. They developed as a type unique in the United States, with characteristics and type unchanged since 1955. This is in sharp contrast with Akitas in Japan which were crossbred with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Large-sized dog, sturdily built, well balanced, with much substance and heavy bone. The broad head,
forming a blunt triangle, with deep muzzle, relatively small eyes and erect ears carried forward almost in line with back of neck, is characteristic of the breed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 9 to 10 in males and 9 to 11 in bitches.
The depth of the chest measures one-half of the height of the dog at withers.
The distance from tip of nose to stop corresponds to the distance from stop to occiput as 2 does to 3.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Friendly, alert, responsive, dignified, docile and courageous.

HEAD:
Massive, but in balance with the body, free of wrinkles when at ease. Head forms a blunt triangle when viewed from above.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: Flat and broad between ears. A shallow furrow extends well up on forehead.
Stop: Well defined, but not too abrupt.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Broad and black. Slight and diffuse lack of pigment on nose is acceptable in white dogs only but black is always preferred.
Muzzle: Broad, deep and full.
Lips: Black. Not pendulous; tongue pink.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws not rounded, but blunt, strong and powerful. Teeth strong with regular and full dentition (lack of PM1 and M3 allowed). Scissor bite preferred, but level bite acceptable.
Eyes: Dark brown, relatively small, not prominent, almost triangular in shape. Eye rims black and tight.
Ears: Strongly erect and small in relation to the rest of the head. If the ear is folded forward for measuring length, tip will touch upper eye rim. Ears are triangular, slightly rounded at tip, wide at base, not set too low. Viewed from the side, the ears are angled forward over the eyes following the line of the neck.

NECK:
Thick and muscular with minimal dewlap, comparatively short, widening gradually toward shoulders. A pronounced crest blends harmoniously into the base of skull.

BODY:
Longer than high. Skin not too thin, neither too tight nor too loose.
Back: Level.
Loin: Firmly muscled.
Chest: Wide and deep. Ribs well sprung with well-developed brisket.
Underline and Belly: Moderate tuck-up.

TAIL:
Large and well furnished with hair, set high and carried over back or against flank in a three-quarter, full, or double curl, always dipping to or below level of back. On a three-quarter curl, tip drops well down on flank. Root large and strong. The terminal bone of tail reaches hock when let or pulled down. Hair coarse, straight and dense, with no appearance of a plume.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: Forelegs heavy-boned and straight as viewed from front.
Shoulders: Strong and powerful with moderate layback.
Pasterns: Slightly sloping forward in an angle of approximately 15° to the vertical.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance: Strongly muscled, width and bone comparable to forequarters. Dewclaws on hind legs customarily removed.
Upper thigh: Strong, well developed, parallel when viewed from behind.
Stifles: Moderately bent.
Hock joints: Well let down, turning neither in nor out.

FEET:
Straight, cat feet, well knuckled up with thick pads.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: Powerful, covering ground with moderate reach and drive. Hindlegs move in line with forelegs. Back remaining strong, firm and level.

COAT
HAIR: Double-coat. Undercoat thick, soft, dense and shorter than outer coat. Outer coat straight, harsh/stiff and standing somewhat off body. Hair on head, lower legs and ears short. Length of hair at withers and croup approximately 5 cm, which is slightly longer than on rest of body, except tail, where coat is longest and most profuse.

COLOUR: Any colour like red, fawn, white, etc; or even pinto and brindle. Colours are brilliant and clear, and markings are well balanced, with or without mask or blaze. White dogs (solid in colour) have no mask. Pinto have a white ground colour with large, evenly placed patches covering head and more than one-third of body. Undercoat may have a different colour from the outer-coat.

SIZE:
Height at withers: For males: 66 to 71 cm (26-28 inches),
for bitches: 61 to 66 cm (24-26 inches).

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
• Feminine dogs, masculine bitches.
• Narrow or snipey head.
• Any missing tooth (except PM1 and M3).
• Blue or black spotted tongue.
• Light eyes.
• Short tail.
• In or out at elbows.
• Any indication of ruff or feathering.
• Shyness or viciousness.

SERIOUS FAULTS:
• Light in substance.
• Light bone.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• Totally unpigmented nose. A nose with unpigmented areas (Butterfly nose).
• Drop, hanging or folded ears.
• Under- or overshot bite.
• Sickle or uncurled tail.
• Dogs under 63,5 cm (25 inches), bitches under 58,5 cm (23 inches).

N.B.:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.