Notice- Regulations Alert Level 3 under the Disaster Management Act

Regulations for Alert Level 3 during COVID-19 lockdown, issued under the Disaster Management Act, No. 57 of 2002 

With dog shows proceeding under Adjusted Alert Level 3, it is necessary for the Kennel Union to bring the following to the attention of all those hosting and organising dog shows, and those contemplating attending them:

The Regulations issued in terms of the Disaster Management Act for Adjusted Alert Level 3 provide, inter alia, as follows in respect of “social gatherings”, provisions which also cover KUSA-licensed dog shows:

  • The owner or operator of the facility where the gathering is held must display a “certificate of occupancy” which states the maximum number of people the facility may hold, i.e. 100. [Regulation 36(2)]
  • Failure to display a “certificate of occupancy” renders the owner or operator of the facility liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or [Regulation 36(3)]
  • The convener of a gathering must ensure the limitation of 100 persons at an outdoor facility is [Regulation 36(5)]
  • Failure to comply with the 100 persons limitation constitutes an offence on the part of the convener which, upon conviction, renders him/her liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or [Regulation 36(6)]
  • Any person attending a gathering who knows, or ought reasonably to have known or suspected, that the number of people will exceed the 100-persons limit, will be guilty of an offence and, upon conviction, be liable to a fine or six months’ imprisonment, or both. [Regulation 36(7)]
  • In happening upon a gathering exceeding 100 people, an enforcement officer must order the assembled to disperse immediately. Any persons refusing to disperse may face arrest and detention under the Criminal Procedure Act, 51 of 1977. [Regulation 36(14)]

It is important for all those involved in the hosting and organisation of dog shows to be aware that KUSA’s Public Liability Insurance only covers KUSA-licensed events insofar as they are “legal” under prevailing national laws. In consequence, owners and operators of venues, as well as conveners of dog shows, are hereby advised that KUSA accepts neither responsibility, nor liability, vicarious or otherwise, for shows at which the legislated limits for gatherings are not strictly observed.

Any transgression in the upholding of the legislated limitation of a gathering shall automatically invalidate the licence KUSA had issued for the show. Should any liability arise from a show at which the authorised size of the gathering had been exceeded, such liability shall fall to the owner or operator of the facility, or the convener of such unlawful gathering, as the case may be.

Pascale Midgley

General Manager

The Kennel Union of Southern Africa


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A Tribute to Gael Morison


Gael was born in Pietermaritzburg, where she lived until 1988. Her parents bred and exhibited Rough Collies under the “Clan Campbell” Affix and were both KUSA Judges. Gael therefore enjoyed a typical “doggy” childhood, exposed to all facets of dogdom.

A fellow Rough Collie-exhibitor imported an Afghan Hound into South Africa.Gael’s fate was sealed; she simply had to own one of these exotic hounds!

Gael married Peter Cliff in 1971.

Gael acquired her first Afghan Hound in 1973, sadly not a show dog. A short while later, her parents decided the time had come to pass the torch and gifted her a quality foundation dog and bitch. Gael and Peter started travelling to shows all over the country. They registered their Atlantis Affix with KUSA in 1976 and enjoyed considerable success in the show ring with their Afghan Hounds until their separation in 1986.

1n 1994 Gael added Shetland Sheepdogs to her kennel and continued her success with these two breeds, both as breeder an exhibitor.

Gael met Les, a Scotsman who had spent some time in what was then Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia, when he moved to KwaZulu-Natal (“Natal” back then!) in 1986.  After tying the knot, they moved to Hillcrest. Les was co-owner of Nashua Durban and they were fortunate to travel the world attending Dealer Conferences, which allowed them to attend many shows overseas. Dog-wise, Les was from a Working background and he soon obtained his judging qualification for the Working Group when the Herding Group was still subsumed into the Working Group.

Gael and Les became deeply involved with Clubs in KZN, not only serving on Committees, but also regularly stewarding at Shows. They independently continued to further their judging careers and Gael achieved All-breeds status in 1994.

Over the years, Gael & Les imported two Afghan Hounds from the U.K. and 1 from Spain.

Shetland Sheepdogs remained their choice for a second breed and the Shelties became Les’s heart dogs; he found them way more biddable than the Afghans! Les’s passion led to Sheltie imports from Australia and Canada for Kennel Atlantis.

Apart from their frequent assignments in South Africa, Gael & Les judged all over the world and will hopefully continue to fly the South African flag from their new base in the UK. They were never happier than when invited to judge on the same panel overseas, which they were fortunate to do on many trips to Australia, Canada and the U.K.

Gael has never hesitated to share her extensive knowledge of dogs with learner Judges and has served on the Judges Education Council of KUSA since its inception. At the time of leaving South Africa, Gael was the Chairman of the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Council and a valued member of the Federal Council of KUSA.

It is with great sadness that we bid Gael and Les farewell but, as we do so, we wish them nothing but happiness and prosperity in their new home country. We know that, in Gael’s own words, they will always be “proudly South African dog people” and that they will miss us as much as we will miss them.

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Portuguese Water Dog

Posted in Working Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION: Assistance with fishing and retrieving as well as companion dog.

In ancient times, the Portuguese Water Dog could be found throughout the entire Portuguese coast.  Thereafter, due to continuous changes in fishing methods, the breed was located mainly in the Algarve region which is now considered as its original birthplace.  Its presence on the Portuguese coast is probably very remote and thus the Portuguese Water Dog should be considered as an autochthonous Portuguese breed. 
A dog of medium proportions, bracoïd tending to rectilinear to slight convex.  Harmonious in shape, balanced, strong and well muscled.  Considerable development of the muscles due to constant swimming. 
Of almost square shape, with the length of body approximately equal to height at the withers. 
The ratio of the height at the withers to the depth of the chest is 2:1; the ratio of length of skull to muzzle is 4:3. 
 Exceptionally intelligent, it understands and obeys easily and happily any order given by its owner.  An animal with impetuous disposition, willful, courageous, sober and resistant to fatigue. It has a severe, penetrating and attentive expression, as well as remarkable visual and scent faculties. An excellent and resistant swimmer and diver, it is the inseparable companion of the fisherman for whom it performs a multitude of tasks, both in fishing and in guarding and protecting its boat and property. While fishing, it will willingly jump to sea to retrieve escaped fish, diving if necessary and likewise if a net breaks or a cable becomes loose.   It is also used as a liaison between boats and shore or vice-versa, even at great distances. 
Well proportioned, strong and broad. Parallel longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle. 
Skull: Seen in profile it is slightly longer than the muzzle (4:3).  Its curvature is more accentuated at the back and the occipital protuberance is pronounced.  Seen from the front the parietal bones are rounded with a slight depression in the middle; the front is slightly hollow, the frontal furrow extends to two thirds of the parietal bones and the superciliary arches are prominent. 
Stop: Well defined and slightly behind the inner corners of the eyes. 
Nose: Wide, with well open and pigmented nostrils. Black in black, white and pied animals.  In brown specimens the nose is the same colour as the coat, but never marbled. 
Muzzle: Straight, broader at the base than at the extremity. 
Lips: Thick, especially in front. Commissure not prominent. Mucous membranes (palate, under the tongue and gums) deeply pigmented in black, deep brown in brown dogs. 
Jaws/Teeth: Strong, healthy teeth, not visible when mouth is closed. Strong and well developed canines. Scissor bite or pincer bite.

Eyes: Medium sized; noticeable and rounded in shape; set well apart and slightly slanted.  The iris is black or brown and the lids are thin and black edged, brown in brown dogs.  Unapparent conjunctive.

Ears: Set above the eye line, held against the head, slightly raised from the rear and heart-shaped.  Thin in texture, their extremity never reaches below the throat. 
Straight, short, rounded, well muscled, well set and carried high; connecting to the body in an harmonious transition.  Without ruff or dewlap. 
Top line: Straight; level. 
Withers: Wide and not prominent. 
Back: Straight, short, broad and well muscled. 
Loin: Short and well connected to the croup. 
Croup: Well proportioned, slightly sloping with symmetrical and non apparent hip bones. 
Chest: Wide and deep. Its lower edge should reach the elbow.  The ribs are long and well sprung, providing great respiratory capacity. Underline & belly: Gracefully shaped and reduced in volume. 
Natural, of medium set-on, thick at its base, tapering towards the end.  Should not reach below the hock.  When attentive curls in a ring, not reaching beyond the middle of the loin. It is a useful aid for swimming and diving. 
FOREQUARTERS: Strong and straight. Upright.  Slightly sloping pasterns are admissible. 
Shoulder:  Slanting in profile and transversely. Strong muscular development. 
Upper arm: Strong and medium in size. Parallel to the main body line. 
Forearm: Long and strongly muscled. 
Carpus (pastern joint): Strong bones, broader when seen from the front than from the side. 
Metacarpus (pastern): Long and strong. 
Forefeet:  Rounded and flat with slightly arched toes of medium length. The webbing, extending over the whole length of the toes, is composed of limp tissue and covered with abundant and long hair.  Black nails are preferred but, according to coat colour, may also be white, striped or brown.  The nails do not reach the ground.  Hard central pad and normal thickness in the other pads.  
HINDQUARTERS: Upright and well muscled.  Slightly sloping hocks are admissible. 
Buttock: Strong and well rounded. 
Thigh: Strong and medium in length.  Very well muscled.  Stifle joint turned neither in nor out. 
Second thigh: Long and very well muscled. Turned neither in nor out.  Well slanting from front to back.  All tendons and ligaments are strong. 
Hock: Strong. 
Metatarsus (rear pastern): Long.  Without dewclaws. 
Hind feet: Identical to the forefeet in all aspects. 
Easy movement with short steps at walk; light cadenced trot and energetic gallop. 

Thick, supple; not very tight; internal and external mucous membranes preferably pigmented. 
Hair: The whole body is abundantly covered with strong hair, with no undercoat. 
There are two varieties: one long and wavy and the other shorter and curly. The first is slightly shiny and woolly; the latter is dense, lustreless and forms compact cylindrical curls.  Except for the underarms and groin the coat is even all over the skin. On the head it forms a topknot of wavy hair in the long and wavy variety and of curly hair in the curly variety.  The hair in the ears is longer in the long and wavy variety. 


The coat is black or brown of various shades, or solid white. In black or brown coats, white is accepted in the following locations: muzzle, topknot, neck, forechest, belly, tip of tail and lower extremities of the limbs, below the elbows and hocks.  The white coat must not be albino, consequently the nose, eyelids and inside of the mouth should be pigmented in black, and brown in brown dogs. 
In this breed partial clipping of the coat, when it is too long, is typical.  The hindquarters, the muzzle and part of the tail are clipped, leaving a plume of full length hair at the tip of the tail. 
Height at withers: 
Males:      50 - 57 cm.  Ideal height 54 cm. Females:     43 - 52 cm.  Ideal height 46 cm. 
Males:      19 - 25 kg. 
Females:     16 - 22 kg. 
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog.

Head: Too long, narrow, flat or pointed. 
Muzzle: Too tapered or pointed. 
Eyes: Light, too protruding or too sunken. 
Ears: Incorrect set, too big, too short or folded. 
Tail: Heavy, dropped in action or raised perpendicularly. 
Aggressive or overly shy.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

Size: Over-sized or under-sized 

Jaws: Undershot or overshot. 
Eyes: Wall eye, uneven in shape or size. 
Deafness: Congenital or acquired. 
Tail: Docked, rudimentary or non-existent. 
Feet: Presence of dewclaws. 
Coat: Hair different from the described types. 
Colour: Albinism, marbled nostrils in whole or in part. Any other colour than the described type. 
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.