News

10.09.2021 | Important Notice to KUSA Members

Termination of the use of the SA Post Office as KUSA’s service provider for the despatch of documents

Relocation of the KUSA Office – Courier Services

Due to the high volume of returned, undelivered, or lost mail, it is no longer viable for KUSA to make use of the South African Post Office (SAPO) in the despatch of documents.  Postnet offer reliable courier services – Postnet2Postnet Pre-paid @ R99.00*, Postnet2Door Non-Express @ R162.00* (Major Centres) and Postnet2Door Non-Express @ R275.00*(Regional Centres), which are all trackable.

(*subject to change)

Please be advised that, with immediate effect, the following services will be subject to a payment of a Courier Fee:

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16.09.21 | The Judges Education Council (JEC) – Support Officer

When Mrs. Gael Morison recently emigrated to the UK, she resigned from her position as Support Officer of the JEC. As the JEC’s Support Officer, Mrs. Morison fulfilled the essential function of signing off Learner Judges’ Portfolios and officiated as External Examiner of requested re-marks of Learner Judges’ exams.

Until such time Fedco is in a position to appoint a replacement Support Officer, experienced All-breeds Judge, Dr. Heidi Rolfes, has agreed to fulfil the functions previously performed by Mrs. Morison until further notice.

The JEC is extremely grateful to Dr. Rolfes for being prepared to take time out from her busy career as a practising scientist to devote her expertise as former academic to assist with the education of Learner Judges on an interim basis.

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Hound Group

Norwegian Elkhound Black

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Hound for elk-hunting.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

A typical spitz, squarely built, black hair lying rather close to the body, erect pointed ears, tail curled over the back. Proud rise of neck, muscular and athletic.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

Height of withers = length of body. Length of muzzle = length of skull.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:

Fearless, energetic and brave.

HEAD:

Wedge-shaped, tapering to nose. Clean and rather light, comparatively broad between ears.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: Nearly flat.

Stop: Distinct, but not abrupt.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Black.

Muzzle: Bridge of the nose straight.

Lips: Tightly closed.

Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite. Complete dentition.

Eyes: Not protruding. Preferably dark brown.

Ears: Set on high, pricked, height slightly greater than width at the base, pointed.

NECK: Of medium length, firm, without loose skin.

BODY:

Topline: Straight from the withers to the croup.

Withers: Well developed.

Back: Straight and strong.

Loin: Well developed, broad and straight.

Croup: Broad, well muscled.

Chest: Relatively deep, with good spring of ribs.

Belly: Slightly tucked up.

TAIL:

Set on high. Short, thick, with thick and close coat, but not with a flag. Tightly curled over the back, but not carried on either side.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :

General appearance: Firm, sinewy and strong, but not heavy.

Shoulders: Sloping.

Upper arm: Moderately sloping.

Elbow: Well set, turned neither in nor out.

Forearm: Straight.

Pastern: Moderately sloping seen from the side.

Forefeet: Rather small, somewhat oval, compact and not turned outwards.

HINDQUARTERS :

General   appearance:  Moderately angulated in stifle and hock.

Parallel seen from behind. Dewclaws not desired.

Upper thigh: Muscular and broad.

Stifle: Moderately angulated.

Lower thigh: Of medium length.

Hock joint: Moderately angulated.

Hock: Moderately sloping seen from the side, parallel seen from behind.

Hind feet: Rather small, somewhat oval, compact.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:

Light and effortless. Parallel seen both from the front and behind.

COAT

HAIR: Dense and rough, but lying close to the body. On head and front of legs short and smooth; longer on chest and neck, back of legs and the underside of tail. The coat is composed of a longish and coarse topcoat and a soft, woolly and black undercoat.

COLOUR: Shining black. A little white on chest and feet may be tolerated.

SIZE :
Height at withers      Males 46-49 cm. Ideal height 4 cm.
    Females 43-46 cm. Ideal height 44cm.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Pincer bite, irregular bite.
  • Lacking undercoat.
  • White hairs, white on the tail.
  • White socks.
  • Stressed, nervous, barking.

SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Naturally short tail.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Bite over- or undershot.
  • Height at withers under 3 or above 4 cm from the ideal height.

N.B.:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding. 

Podenco Ibicenco (Ibizan Hound)

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential.  Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. 

UTILIZATION: The Podenco Ibicenco is mainly used for hunting rabbits without guns, by day and at night. Thanks to his particularly good scenting ability, which, coupled with hearing, he uses more than sight, he scents and hunts out rabbits with ease, even in dense cover. Nimble and bright, he catches his prey quickly, specially when hunting together with other dogs. When one dog indicates game, he is surrounded by all the others, which keep a certain distance and stand in wait. They bark only when they see or hear the game and when they have surrounded it. Both when indicating and catching game, all dogs wag their tail fast, but are easily put off their waiting attitude. The Podenco Ibicenco is also used for hunting hare and large game. He is a good retriever. With certain exceptions only bitches are used for the formation of a pack or, at most, with one male only, as the latter do not work together during a hunt and are quarrelsome. When a pack has caught several thousand rabbits, it can happen with this breed, that some dogs from the same pack no longer want to hunt until they have had a considerable rest. The Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: This breed originates in the Balearic Islands of Majorca, Ibiza, Minorca and Formentera, where it is known by the original name of « Ca Eivissec ». It is also widely found in Catalonia, round Valencia, in the Roussillon and in the Provence, where it is known by the names Mallorquí, Xarnelo, Mayorquais, Charnegue, Charnegui and Balearic Dog. Probably these dogs were brought to the islands by the Phoenecians, Carthaginians and eventually also the Romans. This dog is a typical primitive and robust representative of one of the oldest still existing breeds. Illustrations of these dogs are found in the graves of the Pharaohs and on objects in museums, so that the existence of the breed can already be proved in the year 3400 BC.

IMPORTANT PROPORTION: The distance from the tip of the muzzle to the eyes is equal to that from the eyes to the occiput.

HEAD: Seen as a whole, the long, fine head has the appearance of a cone cut off near its base ; completely dry, rather small in relation to body.

CRANIAL REGION :

Skull: Long and flat (dolichocephalic). Occipital bone protruding. Forehead fine and flat.

Stop: Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Nose leather flesh colour. Nostrils open. Nasal bridge slightly arched.

Muzzle: Nasal bridge and nose protrude over lower jaw ; fine, long and according to colour of coat, flesh colour.

Lips: Thin,close fitting, flesh colour.

Teeth: Perfect fitting bite, scissor bite, white and regular.

Eyes: Slanting, small, light amber colour, reminiscent of caramel colour. The amber colour can be more or less intensive according to coat colour. Without seeming very noble, the expression shows intelligence but also fear and mistrust.

Ears: Always stiff, very mobile. Pointing forward or sideways in a horizontal plane or held backwards. Upright when dog is animated. The center of the ear set on is level with the eyes. The shape is that of an elongated rhomboid, which has been cut off by a third of its long diagonal. They are fine without hair on the inside of the ear opening; of medium, not exaggerated size.

NECK: Very dry, both in its upper and lower part. Its length is a quarter the length of the body, slightly arched and muscular. Skin is taut, smooth, without dewlap. Normally, the coat is longer and denser in the region of the set on to the body, especially in the smooth variety.

BODY: Regarded as a whole, the body is symmetric, slightly convex and of medium, even proportions, compact and slightly longer than heigh, without the differences being laid down exactly.

Withers: Well defined, high, dry and long.

Back: Long, straight and pliable. Muscles strong, yet flat.

Loins: Arched, of medium breadth, strong and firm.

Croup: Strongly sloping with bone structure visible; it shows very strong, hard muscles.

Chest: Deep, narrow and long, but not reaching to the elbows. Forechest pointed and strongly protruding. Ribs flat.

Abdomen:Tucked up, but not too much.

TAIL: Set on low ; there should be some longer and coarser, slightly offstanding hairs (like ears of grain) towards the tip ; long. When the tail is pulled through between the legs, it should reach the spine. Slightly thicker at set on, gradually tapering towards the tip. Hanging naturally in repose; in movement carried in sickle shape more or less tightly curved. Preferably not carried upright or too much curled over back.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS: Vertical, symmetric. Seen from front, the position of the front legs is very close together ; altogether sturdy, with long limbs which give the impression of a slim, fast, yet strong animal.

Shoulders: Shoulder blades slanting, strong and freely mobile.

Upper arm: Very long, straight, strong and very close in position.

Elbow: Broad, set well apart from the body, parallel to the median plane of the body, but never loose.

Forearm: Broadening towards front pastern.

Pastern: Strong, firm, broad and well upright.

HINDQUARTERS : Vertical with long, strong, flat muscles.

Hock: Well angulated, broad, set low, vertical, turning neither out nor in.

FEET: Almost harefoot. Toes long and close together. Profuse hair in space between toes ; nails very strong and normally white, occasionally according to coat colour. Pads very hard.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: The preferred movement is a suspended trot. Gallop is very fast and gives the impression of great agility.

SKIN: Taut, close fitting to body ; reddish pigment, but may be a different colour where coat colour differs.

COAT

HAIR: Smooth rough or long hair.

  • The smooth should not be silky, but strong and shiny.
  • The rough should be hard and very dense, somewhat shorter on head and ears and somewhat longer on rear of thighs and underside of tail. A beard is highly valued. The longhair is softer and should have at least a length of 5 cm. The head is very densely coated.

COLOUR: Preferred are white and red, or entirely white or red. Fawn dogs are permitted, provided it is an exceptionally good specimen; in smooth coats, however, this colour is not permitted.

HEIGHT: Dogs: 66 to 72 cm. Bitches: 60 to 67 cm. Without undue strictness, dogs which are close to the required measurements  can be accepted, provided they are well proportioned and aesthetic.

FAULTS:  Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS:

  • Head short and broad.
  • Stop markedly pronounced.
  • Missing of a premolar.
  • Drop ears.
  • Barrel ribs.
  • Elbows turned outwards.
  • Cow hocks.
  • Feet turned out.
  • Crossing of feet and hocks in movement.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Skull in the shape of a stair (plane of skull too high in relation to nasal bridge).
  • Brown pigment or black spots on nose leather.
  • Any form of prognathism.
  • Eyelids and lips : Reddish brown.
  • Evidence of crossing with a « Galgo » or other form of sighthound : -
  • Folded ears.
  • -Dark eyes.
  • -Croup broad.
  • -Barely defined forechest.
  • -Front legs wide apart.
    • Thighs rounded and broad with visible veins.
  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Otterhound

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION: Big, strong hound primarily built for long day’s work in water, but able to gallop on land.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is generally felt that the Otterhounds ancestry includes a French influence combined with original English hound strains. He is a kindly fellow with a typical loud baying call which he can use to good effect when he needs to indicate that he has found a prey that interests him, though today his primary purpose of hunting otters is banned. The breed has keen scenting ability. When following the scent of an otter on land the scent is called a drag and in water a wash. An Otterhound can follow a drag for up to twelve hours and when following a wash may swim for five hours. In addition to his oily coat he has webbed feet.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Large, straight limbed and sound, rough-coated with majestic head, strong body and loose, long striding action. Rough double coat and large feet essential. Free moving.

IMPORTANT PROPORTION: Distance from nose end to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Amiable and even tempered.

Signs of aggression or nervousness should be heavily penalized.

HEAD: Clean, very imposing, deep rather than wide, expression being open and amiable. Whole head except for nose well covered with rough hair, ending in slight moustache and beard.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: Nicely domed, neither coarse nor overdone, rising from stop to slight peak at occiput. No trace of scowl or bulge on forehead. Stop: Distinct, though not exaggerated.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Good wide nose, wide nostrils.

Muzzle: Strong, deep.

Lips: Plenty of lip and flew, but not exaggerated.

Jaws / Teeth: Jaws strong, large, well placed teeth with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Cheeks: Clean cheekbones. Eyes: Intelligent, moderately deep-set eye; haw showing only slightly. Eye colour and rim pigment variable according to coat colour (a blue and tan hound may have hazel eyes). Yellow eye undesirable. Ears: Unique feature of the breed. Long, pendulous, set on level with corner of eye; easily reaching nose when pulled forward, with characteristic fold. Leading edge folding or rolling inwards giving curious draped appearance -an essential point not to be lost. Well covered and fringed with hair.

NECK: Long, powerful, set smoothly into shoulders. Slight dewlap permissible.

BODY: Very strong.

Top line: Level.

Back: Broad.

Loin: Short and strong.

Chest: Deep with well sprung, fairly deep, oval ribcage. Ribs carried well back allowing plenty of heart and lung room; neither too wide nor too narrow.

TAIL: (Stern) Set high, carried up when alert or moving, never curling over back and may droop when standing. Thick at base, tapering to point; bone reaching to hock and carried straight or in a slight curve. Hair under tail rather longer and more profuse than that on upper surface.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulder: Clean and well laid back.

Forearm: Strongly boned, straight from elbow to ground.

Metacarpus (Pastern): Strong and slightly sprung.

Forefeet: Large, round, well knuckled, thick padded, turning neither in nor out. Compact but capable of spreading; Web must be in evidence.

HINDQUARTERS:

General appearance: Very strong; well muscled when viewed from any angle, standing neither too wide nor too narrow behind. Hind angulation moderate. In natural stance, hindlegs from hock to ground perpendicular.

Thigh: Heavily muscled.

Lower thigh: Heavily muscled.

Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Hocks well let down, turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet: Hind feet only slightly smaller than forefeet. Large, round, well knuckled, thick padded, turning neither in nor out. Compact but capable of spreading; .Web must be in evidence.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: Very loose and shambling at walk, springing immediately into a loose, very long-striding, sound, active trot. Gallop smooth and exceptionally long striding.

COAT

Hair: Long 4-8cm, dense, rough, harsh and waterproof but not wiry; of broken appearance.

Softer hair on head and lower legs natural. Undercoat evident and there may be a slight oily texture in top and undercoat. Not trimmed for exhibition. Presentation should be natural.

Colour: All recognized hound colours permissible: whole coloured, grizzle, sandy, red, wheaten, blue; these may have slight white markings on head, chest, feet and tail tip. White hounds may have slight lemon, blue or badger pied markings. Black and tan, blue and tan, black and cream, occasional liver, tan and liver, tan and white. Colours not permissible: Liver and white, a white-bodied hound with black and tan patches distinctly separate. Pigment should harmonize though not necessarily blend with coat colour; for example a tan hound may have a brown nose and eye rims. A slight butterfly nose permissible.

SIZE: Height at the withers: Males approximately: 69cm.

Females approximately: 61cm.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy.

•   Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B.:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.   

                         

Norwegian Elkhound Grey

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. 

UTILIZATION: Dog for elk-hunting.

With working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland).

GENERAL APPEARANCE: A typical Spitz. Compact and short body, squarely built. Elastic, good rise of neck. Erect ears.

Coat thick and abundant, but not bristling or long. Tail is tightly curled over the back.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Squarely built. Length of skull and length of muzzle identical.

BEHAVIOUR / CHARACTER: Fearless, energetic, brave.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION: Wedge-shaped, relatively broad between the ears. Lean.

Skull: Slightly arched.

Stop: Marked, but too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Black.

Muzzle: Gradually tapering either seen from above or from the side. Bridge of nose straight.

Lips: Tightly closed.

Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite. Complete dentition.

Eyes: Not prominent, dark brown in colour.

Ears: Set on high, firm and upstanding, relatively small. Height slightly greater than their width at the base, pointed and very mobile.

NECK: Of medium length, firm, good rise of neck, abundant ruff without loose skin.

BODY: Strong, short in the couplings.

Topline : Straight from the withers to the tail set.

Withers: Well developed.

Back: Strong, muscular and straight.

Loin: Well developed.

Croup: Strong and broad.

Chest: Broad and deep, good spring of ribs.

Belly: Almost straight.

TAIL: Set-on high, strong. Relatively short. Thick coat but not with a flag. Firmly curled over the center line, not carried on either side of the back. The tip cannot be straightened out on the adult dog.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance : Strong and firm, straight.

Shoulders: Sloping.

Upper arm : Moderately sloping.

Elbow: Well set in, turned neither in nor out.

Forearm: Straight seen both from the front and from the side.

Pastern: Straight seen from the front, moderately sloping seen from the side.

Forefeet: Rather small, compact, toes pointing forwards.

HINDQUARTERS:

General appearance: Strong lean and muscular. Parallel seen from behind. Moderately angulated.

Upper thigh: Muscular and broad.

Stifle: Moderately angulated.

Lower thigh: Of medium length.

Hock joint: Moderately angulated.

Hocks: Must not reach behind the set of tail when standing.

Hind feet: Relatively small. Oval in shape, compact, toes pointed forward.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: Light and effortless. Parallel seen both from the front and behind.

SKIN: Firm, without wrinkles on the head.

COAT

HAIR: Of medium length; thick, coarse, abundant outer coat without curls. On head and the front of legs short and smooth; longest on neck, thigh, back of legs and tail. Soft undercoat.

COLOUR: Grey, of various shades. The colour is made by the black tips of the hair of the outer coat. Lighter on chest, belly, legs and on the underside of the tail, under the tail set and in the « harness marking ». The harness marking is about a 5 cm broad stripe from the withers to the elbow, where the outer coat lacks black tips. The ears and the front of the muzzle are dark (dark mask). The dark line from the eye to the set on of ears delimits the mask. Light grey undercoat.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at the withers: Males: Ideal height 52cm. Females: Ideal height 49cm.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness, with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Round or domed skull.
  • Pointed or short muzzle.
  • Pincer bite, irregular bite.
  • Light eyes.
  • Too big or too broad ears.
  • Tail too short, not firmly curled, tail carried on the side.
  • Flat feet.
  • Too long or too short undercoat.
  • Colour in brown or yellow. Dark undercoat. Sooty colour.
  • White on tail tip. White on chest.
  • Weak or nervous temperament.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Over-or undershot bite.
  • Yellow or blue eyes.
  • Ears not erect.
  • Naturally short tail.
  • Dewclaws on hindlegs.
  • Any variety in colour other than grey.
  • Height at withers under 3 cm or over 4 cm from the ideal height.

N.B.:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Basenji

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Lightly built, finely boned aristocratic-looking animal, high on leg compared with its length, always poised, alert and intelligent. Wrinkled head, with pricked ears, proudly carried on a well arched neck. Deep brisket runs up into a definite waist, tail tightly ruled presenting a picture of a well balanced dog of gazelle-like grace.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Barkless but not mute, its own special noise a mixture of a chortle and a yodel. Remarkable for its cleanliness in every way.

TEMPERAMENT:
An intelligent, independent but affectionate and alert breed. Can be aloof with strangers.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Flat, well-chiselled and medium width, tapering towards nose, with slight stop. Distance from top of head to stop slightly more than from stop to tip of nose. Side lines of skull taper gradually towards mouth, giving a clean cheeked appearance. Fine and profuse wrinkles appearing on forehead when ears pricked, side wrinkles desirable but not exaggerated into dewlap. Wrinkles more noticeable in puppies, but because of lack of shadowing, not as noticeable in tricolours; black nose desirable.

EYES:
Dark, almond-shaped, obliquely set, far-seeing and rather inscrutable in expression.

EARS:
Small, pointed, erect and slightly hooded, of fine texture, set well forward on top of head, tip of ear nearer centre of skull than outside base.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK:
Strong and of good length, without thickness, well crested and slightly full at base of throat with a graceful curve accentuating crest. 
Well set into shoulders giving head a ‘lofty’ carriage.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulders well laid back, muscular, not loaded. Elbows tucked in against brisket. When viewed from front, elbows in line with ribs and legs should continue in a straight line to ground giving a medium front. Forelegs straight with fine bone and very long forearms. Pasterns good length, straight and flexible.

BODY:
Balanced with short, level back. Ribs well sprung, deep and oval. Loin short-coupled, deep brisket running up into definite waist.

HINDQUARTERS:
Strong and muscular, hocks well let down, turned neither in nor out, with long second thighs and moderately bent stifles.

FEET:
Small, narrow and compact, with deep pads, well arched toes and short nails.

TAIL:
High set, with posterior curve of buttock extending beyond root of tail giving a reachy appearance to hindquarters. Curls tightly over spine and lies closely to thigh with a single or double curl.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Legs carried straight forward with a swift, long, tireless, swinging stride.

COAT:
Short, sleek and close, very fine. Skin very pliant.

COLOUR:
Pure black and white;

Red and white;

Black, tan and white with tan melon pips and mask;

Black, tan and white;

Brindle and white: red background with black stripes, the more clearly defined the stripes the better.

The white should be on feet, chest and tail tip. White legs, blaze and white collar optional.

SIZE:
Ideal height: Dogs: 43cm (17in) at withers
Bitches: 40 cm (16in) at withers.
Ideal weight: Dogs: 11kg (24 lb) 
Bitches: 9½ kg (21 lb).

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and 
welfare of the dog.

NOTE:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

                                                         

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound (Bayerischer Gebirgsschweisshund)

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION
In accordance with the hunting requirements as a specialist for the search of hoofed game, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has to show all the of him required abilities to be useful for the more difficult search. This usefulness must be confirmed by the relevant working trials.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
All Liam Hounds (Leithunde) and Leashhounds (Schweisshunde) are descended from the original hunting dogs, the “Bracken”. All pure “Bracken” have the finest nose for following ground scent and trail; they are firm on scent, have a strongly developed will to follow a trail and are readily giving tongue on scent. Only the most reliable and perseverant Bracken were chosen from the pack to be used on the leash to search for the lost trail of the hunted game. From those most calm and biddable Bracken, the Liam Hounds (Leithunde, working only on natural, cold scent) and the “Scent Hounds” (Schweisshunde, the so called “spoilt Liam Hounds”, working the trial of wounded game) were later bred. Through crossing of genetically fairly close breeds at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century, the present day Hanoverian Scenthound evolved. After the Revolution in 1848, in fact, after the break up of the large hunting estates and the replacement of the previous hunting methods by stalking and hiding (waiting for the game) and at the same time with the improvement of the firearms, the dog was needed “after the shot”. Specialized in firmly working on the leash, one could not dispense with the loud chase, perseverance and keenness, especially in mountain regions. There the Hanovarian Scenthound proved too heavy. To achieve the desired accomplishments, even in difficult mountain territory, Baron Karg-Bebenburg, Reichenhall, bred the racy and ennobled lighter Mountain Scenthound after 1870, by crossing Hanovarian Scenthounds and red Mountain Scenthounds. More and more these dogs ousted other breeds from the mountain regions so that the Bavarian Mountain Scenthound is, today, the classical companion for the professional hunter and game keeper.
In 1912 the Club for Bavarian Mountain Scenthounds was founded with its seat in Munich. It is the only recognized Club for Bavarian Mountain Scenthounds in Germany.

GENERAL APPEARANCE
An altogether balanced, somewhat light, very mobile and muscular, medium size dog. The body is slightly longer than high, slightly higher at rear, standing on not too long legs. Head carried level or slightly upwards, tail level or slanting downwards.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

Height at withers should be in the proportion to length of back of 1 : 1.15: the chest should reach down to the elbow.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
Calm and balanced, devoted to his owner, reserved with strangers. Required is a sound, self assured, unafraid, biddable dog, neither shy nor aggressive.

HEAD
CRANIAL REGION
Skull: Relatively broad, flatly arched. Clear rise to forehead. Superciliary arches well developed; occiput not pronounced.
Stop: Well defined.

FACIAL REGION
Nose: Of good size, not too broad. Nostrils well opened. Black or dark red.
Muzzle: Somewhat off-set from eyes, of equal or slightly shorter than skull, sufficiently broad, never pointed. Nasal bridge slightly convex or straight.
Lips/Flews: Pendulous, medium thickness. Corner of lips clearly visible.
Jaws/Teeth: Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite in which the upper incisors overlap the lower incisors without any gap and with the teeth set vertical to the jaw. 42 healthy teeth, according to tooth formula. Pincer bite permitted.
Cheeks: Only moderately pronounced.
Eyes: Clear, alert expression. Not too large or too round. Dark brown or slightly lighter. Well fitting, pigmented lids.
Ears: Somewhat over medium length but at most reaching to nose. Heavy, set on high and broad, rounded at tips. Hanging close to head without any twist.

NECK:
Of medium length and strong. Skin somewhat looser on throat.

BODY:
Topline: Slight rise from withers to hindquarters.
Withers: Barely defined, flowing transition from neck to back.
Back: Strong and supple.
Croup: Long and fairly level (drooping by 20 – 30° is seen to be ideal).
Loins: Relatively short, broad, very well-muscled.
Chest: Moderately broad, well developed forechest, oval ribcage, deep and long, with ribs reaching far back. Chest reaching down to elbow joint.
Underline and Belly: Gradually rising towards rear. Belly slightly tucked up.

TAIL
Medium length, reaching, at most, to hocks. Set on high, carried horizontal or slightly slanting downwards.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
General appearance: Legs seen from the front, straight and parallel; seen from the side, standing well under the body. Good angulations.
Shoulder: Well slanting, laid back shoulder blade. Strongly muscled.
Upper arm: Long, with good and lean muscles. Scapulo-humeral angulation 90 - 100°.
Elbows: Close fitting to body, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm: Lean, vertical and straight. Strong bone, very well muscled.
Pastern joint: Strong.
Pastern: Slanting lightly.
Front feet: Spoon shaped with well arched, tight toes as well as sufficiently cushioned, coarse, resistant and well pigmented pads. Feet move parallel; in stance and movement turning neither in nor out. Nails black or dark brown to brown.

HINDQUARTERS
General appearance: Strong bone. Seen from rear, straight and parallel. Good angulations.
Upper thigh: Broad and very muscular.
Stifle: Strong (stifle angulation 100 - 110°).
Lower thigh: Relatively long, muscular and sinewy.
Hock joint: Strong.
Rear pastern: Short, standing vertical.
Hind feet: Spoon shaped, with well arched, tight toes as well as sufficiently cushioned, coarse resistant and well pigmented pads.
Feet move parallel; in stance and movement turning neither in nor out. Nails black or dark brown to brown.

GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Ground covering, with good reach in front and strong drive from the rear. Fore- and hindlegs straight and parallel; lightly springy gait. Preferred movement when in action: walk and gallop.

SKIN
Strong, tight fitting.

COAT
HAIR: Dense, close fitting, moderately harsh with little gloss. Finer on head and leathers, harsher and longer on belly, legs and tail.

COLOUR: Deep red, deer red, reddish brown, tan, also clear fawn to biscuit colour, reddish grey as the winter coat of a deer, also brindled or interspersed with black hairs. The basic colour on the back is generally more intense, muzzle and leathers dark. Tail, mostly, interspersed with dark hair. Small light-coloured patch on chest (“Bracken Star”) permitted.

SIZE
Height at withers: Dogs : 47 to 52 cm. Bitches : 44 to 48 cm.                                       

No departure from above permitted in either dogs or bitches.                                

Weight in relation to height to withers: males ideally 20 – 30 kg,  females ideally 17 – 25 kg.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS

  • Very loose eyelids.
  •  Marked hollow or roach back.
  •  Very in or out at elbow.
  •  Distinctly overbuilt hindquarters.
  •  Very flat or barrel shaped chest.
  •  Hindlegs very close, cow-hocked or bow-shaped, in stance or movement.
  •  Too fine or thin coat.
  •  Strong deviation in colour, black colour with red markings (Black and Tan).
  • Flesh coloured nose.
  •  Deviation in size.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.   
  • Not showing clear sexual dimorphism.
  • Under and oversized dogs. 
  • Not recognised coat colour.
  • Incorrect bites. Over or undershot, wry mouth, Palisade bite, wry mouth, partial pincer, slanted bites.
  •  Missing teeth (except P1; M3 must be present).
  •  Ectropion, entropion.
  • Tail kinked from birth.

N.B.:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding. 
                 

                             

Hamiltonstövare

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:

Scent hound that gives tongue and is used for hunting hare and fox. It is not a pack hound and it is never used for hunting deer.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

Scent hounds have been known in Sweden since the 16th century. Hunting with hounds was up to 1789 a privilege for royalty and gentry only. It was not until the end of the 18th century that the ban that had prevented the peasantry from hunting the land was lifted. Hounds earlier kept only by the nobility became known and commonly spread. The origin of the Hamiltonstövare is believed to be a mixture of scent hounds from Southern Germany, Switzerland as well as Foxhounds and Harriers.

At the first dog show in Sweden in 1886 some 189 scent hounds were on exhibition. Among them were a dog and a bitch, named Pang and Stella, owned by Count Adolf Patrik Hamilton. This couple is considered to be the origin of the Hamiltonstövare, or as the hounds initially were called, Swedish hound. The breed gained the name Hamiltonstövare in 1921 as a homage to the man that had created the breed, the founder of the Swedish Kennel Club, Count A.P. Hamilton.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Rectangular, well proportioned, giving impression of great strength and stamina. Never heavy. The sexual dimorphism should be clearly defined. Tricoloured

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

Rectangular body and longish head.

BEHAVIOUR /TEMPERAMENT:

Friendly and even-tempered.

HEAD; 

Longish head.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull:  Slightly arched and moderately broad.

Stop:  Well defined but not too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose:  Black, well developed with large nostrils.

Muzzle:  Long, strong and seen from above or the side almost evenly broad. Bridge of nose straight and parallel to line of skull. Distance from occiput to stop should be equal to that from stop to tip of nose.

Lips:  Upper lips thin, tight, softly rounded and slightly overhanging. Males have more pronounced lips than females.

Jaw/Teeth:  Scissor bite. Teeth strong and well developed.

Cheeks:  Lean.

Eye:  Almond shaped, dark brown with calm expression.

Ear:  Soft, hanging flat with fore edge close to cheek. Ears slightly shorter than the measure from set on to half way along the muzzle.

Ears to be raised at set on, only very slightly to reach top of skull when alert.

NECK: 

Long, powerful and well set on into shoulders. Skin on neck supple and close fitting. Males should have a well-defined arch of nape.

BODY

Withers:  Well defined.

Back: Level and powerful.

Loin:  Muscular and slightly arched.

Croup:  Slightly inclined, long and broad.

Chest:  Deep, long, well developed and reaching elbows. Ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly: Belly only slightly tucked up.

TAIL: 

Set in line with back, reaching hock. Carried straight or slightly curved in sabre fashion. Broad at base and tapering towards tip. When the dog moves, tail preferably not carried above the level of the back.

LIMBS:

FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance: Strong bone in harmony with the general appearance of the dog. When viewed from front, forelegs to be straight and parallel.

Shoulder:  Long, muscular and well-laid back. Closely attached to chest.

Upper arm:  Long and well angulated to the shoulder blade.

Elbow:  Close to body and not visible under ribcage.

Metacarpus (Pastern):  Springy and forming a slight angle to forearm.

Forefeet:  Oval in shape with well knuckled, tight toes.

HINDQUARTERS

General appearance:  Straight and parallel when viewed from behind.

Thigh:  Broad and well muscled.

Stifle (Knee):  Well angulated.

Hock joint:  Well angulated.

Metatarsal (Rear pastern):  Short, lean and perpendicular when dog is standing still.

Hind feet: Oval in shape with well knuckled, tight toes.

GAIT/MOVEMENT

Parallel, powerful and long-reaching.

COAT

Hair:  Harsh, not too short, lying very close to body. On head, ears and front of legs coat should be very short and smooth. Under tail and on back of thighs hairs might be slightly longer.

Colour:  Tricolour. On the adult dog black colour to form a mantle to continue on upper side of neck and upper side of tail. Tan on head, ears and legs, as well as on sides of the neck, on shoulders, under body, on thighs and under the tail.

Clear marking between the black mantel and the tan on thighs. The tan colour can range from a golden tint to a rich, deep rusty red.

White markings as a blaze, on throat, upper side of neck, collar tolerated, on brisket, tip of tail and lower part of legs and on feet.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at the withers: Males: Ideal height 57 cm, allowed variation 53–61 cm.

Females: Ideal height 53 cm, allowed variation 49–57 cm.

FAULTS: 

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.

  • Lack of sexual dimorphism.
  • Broad skull, pronounced occiput.
  • Short or snipy muzzle, dish-face.
  • Bulging cheeks.
  • Over- or undershot bite, level bite.
  • Light eyes
  • Soft back.
  • Steep shoulder blades.
  • Short, steep croup.
  • Tail carried above the line of the back.
  • Restricted hind movement.
  • Undefined mantle with strong mixture of black and tan hairs overly marked with black that covers sides of trunk,   shoulders and thighs in the adult dog.
  • Heavily marked with black or tan as well as overly marked with white.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

- Shy and severely aloof.

  • Pronounced over- or undershot bite.
  • Two-coloured (yellow-white, black-white, black-tan).
  • All other colours or marking than the ones in the standard.
  • Size the limits in the standard.
  • Blue eyes, one or both.

N.B.:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

 

Borzoi - Russian Hunting Sighthound

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION : Hunting sighthound, racing and coursing hound.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya has been an integral part of the national culture and Russian history for 9 centuries. The French Chronicle of the XIth century

shows that three Borzois accompanied the daughter of the Grand Duke of Kiev, Anna Iaroslavna when she arrived in France to become the wife of Henri I. Among the owners and breeders there

were many famous people including Tsars and poets : Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Nicolas II, Pushkin, Turgenev. The creation of the famous kennel « Pershinskaya okhota » by the

illustrious breeders the Grand Duke Nicolai Nicolaevitch and Dimitri Valtsev had great importance. From the end of the XIXth century, the Borzoi is seen in the biggest breeding kennels of Europe and

America.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Dog of aristocratic appearance, of large size, of lean and at the same time robust constitution, of a very slightly elongated construction. Females are generally longer than

males. Strong bone structure but not massive. The bones are rather flat. Muscles lean, well developed, especially on the thighs, but not showing in relief. Harmony of form and movement is of prime

importance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :

In males the height at the withers is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup to the ground.
In females these two heights are equal.
The height at the withers must be slightly inferior to the length of the body.
The depth of the chest is approximately equal to half the height at the withers.
The length of the muzzle, from the stop to the tip of the nose, is equal or slightly superior to that of the skull, from the occiput to the stop.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : In its everyday life the Borzoi has a quiet and balanced character. At the sight of game it gets suddenly excited. It has a piercing sight, capable of seeing very far.

Its reaction is impetuous.

HEAD : Viewed from above as well as from the side, lean, long, narrow, aristocratic. Seen in profile, the lines of the skull and muzzle form a long, slightly convex line, the line of the sagittal crest

being straight or slightly oblique towards the well marked occipital protuberance. The head is so elegant and lean that the principal veins show through the skin.

CRANIAL REGION :

Skull : Narrow; seen from above : elongated into an oval shape; seen in profile, almost flat.

Stop : Only very slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION :

Nose : Large, mobile, considerably prominent in relation to the lower jaw.

Top of muzzle : Long, filled out in all its length, slightly arched near the nose.

Muzzle : The length of the muzzle from the stop to the tip of the nose is equal or slightly superior to that of the skull, from the occiput to the stop.

Lips : Fine, clean, well fitting. The eye-rims, the lips and the nose are

black whatever the colour of the coat.

Jaws/Teeth : Strong underjaw. Teeth white, strong; scissor bite or pincer bite.

Eyes : Large, very slightly prominent, expressive, dark hazel or dark brown, almond-shaped, but not slit-eyed, set obliquely.

Ears : Small, thin, mobile, set on above the eye level and backwards, pointing almost towards the nape of the neck when not alert. The tips of the ears are situated near each other or directed downwards along the neck and close to it. When the dog is alert, the ears are carried higher and on the sides or forward; sometimes one or both ears are erect like horse ears.

NECK : Long, clean, flattened laterally, muscled, slightly arched, never carried high.

BODY :

Withers : Not marked.

Back : Broad, muscled, elastic, forming with the loin and croup a curve which is more pronounced in the males. The highest point of this curve is situated ahead of the middle of the loin or in the

region of the 1st or 2nd lumbar vertebra.

Loin : Long, prominent, muscled, moderately broad.

Croup : Long, broad, slightly sloping. The width of the croup measured between the two hip bones (iliac crests) must not be less than 8 cm.

Chest : Of oval cross-section, not narrow, yet not wider than the croup, deep, well developed in length, spacious, reaching down almost to elbow level. The region of the shoulder blades being

flatter, the chest gets gradually wider towards the false ribs, which are short; seen in profile, it forms a change in slope. The ribs are long, slightly prominent. The forechest is slightly prominent in

relation to the scapular-humeral articulation.

Belly : Well tucked up, the underline rises abruptly towards the abdomen.

TAIL : In shape of sickle or sabre, low set, thin, long. Passed between the hindlegs, it must reach up to the hip bone (iliac crest), furnished with abundant feathering. When the dog is standing

naturally, the tail hangs downwards. In action, it is raised, but not above the level of the back.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :

General appearance : Forelegs clean, muscled, seen from the front perfectly straight and parallel. The height of the forelegs from the elbow to the ground is equal or a little superior to half the height at

the withers.

Shoulders : Shoulder blades are long and oblique.

Upper arm : Moderately oblique; its length is barely superior to the length of the shoulder blade. Angle of the scapular-humeral

articulation well pronounced.

Elbows : In parallel planes to the median plane of the body.

Forearm : Clean, long, of oval cross-section; seen from the front, narrow, seen in profile, broad.

Metacarpus (pastern) : Slightly oblique in relation to the ground.

HINDQUARTERS :

General appearance : Seen from behind : straight, parallel, set slightly wider than the forequarters. When the dog is standing naturallly, the vertical line dropping from the ischiatic tuberosity

(point of buttocks) must pass in front of the centre of the hock joint and of the metatarsals.

Upper thigh : Well muscled, long, placed obliquely.

Lower thigh : Long, muscled, placed obliquely. The femoro-tibial and the tibio-tarsal articulations well developed, broad, clean; the angles must be well marked.

Metatarsus (rear pastern) : Not long, placed almost vertically.

All the articulations are well angulated.

FEET : Lean, narrow, of elongated oval shape (called « harefeet »); toes arched, tight; nails long, strong, touching the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT : When not hunting, the typical gait of the Borzoi is the extended trot, effortless, very supple and lifting; when hunting the charging gallop is extremely fast, with leaps of great length.

SKIN : Supple, elastic.

COAT

HAIR : Silky, soft and supple, wavy or forming short curls, but never small tight curls. On the head, the ears and the limbs, the hair is satiny (silky but heavier), short, close lying. On the body, the

hair is quite long, wavy; on the regions of the shoulder blades and the croup, the hair forms finer curls; on the ribs and thighs, the hair is shorter; the hair which forms the fringes, the « breeches » and the feathering of the tail is longer. The coat on the neck is dense and abundant.

COLOUR : All colour combinations, but never with blue, brown

(chocolate) and any derivatives of these colours.

All the colours may be solid or pied. The fringes, « breeches »,

featherings of the tail are considerably lighter than the ground colour.

For the overlaid colours a black mask is typical.

SIZE:

Desirable height at the withers : dogs : 75 - 85 cm,

bitches : 68 - 78 cm.

In males, the height at the withers is equal or barely superior to that from the summit of the croup to the ground. In females, these heights are equal. Subjects exceeding the maximum height are

acceptable provided the typical morphology is preserved.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be

regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog, especially:

Teeth :

Small, abnormally worn teeth. Absence of one PM2.
PM1s and M3s are not taken into account.
Colour :

Flecks of the same shade as the ground colour.
SEVERE FAULTS :

General appearance :

Stocky appearance ; short trunk.
Heavy, round bone.
Head :

Soft tissues.
Blunt muzzle.
Very pronounced stop.
Very pronounced zygomatic arches.
Occiput not pronounced.
Teeth :

Lack of one PM3, one PM4 (lower jaw), one M1 (upper jaw), one M2.
Eyes :

Deep set; yellow or light; slit eyes (too narrow palpebral aperture); showing haw.
Ears :

Thick, coarse, with rounded tips.
Neck :

Presence of dewlap.
Back :

Sagging; straight back in males.
Croup :

Goose rump.
Belly :

Pendulous, insufficiently tucked up.
Tail :

Coarse; in action, falling downwards.
Forequarters :

Scapular-humeral angle too open (straight shoulder)
In or out at elbows.
Forearm : Of round cross-section. Any deviation of the forearm.
Knuckling over.
Weak in pasterns.
Hindquarters :

Over angulated or too straight angulation.
Close behind or spread hocks.
Feet :

Tendency to broad, round, thick feet; cat feet, flat feet; spread toes.
Coat :

Colour : Flecks on the body of another shade than the ground
colour.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Teeth :

Overshot or undershot mouth.
Wry mouth.
Lack of one incisor, one canine, one carnassial tooth (PM4-upper jaw – M1-lower jaw), lack of more than 4 teeth (any four teeth).· Faulty position of one or both canines of the lower jaw which,
when the mouth is shut, can damage the upper gums or the palate.

Eye :

Wall eye.
Tail :

Corkscrew tail, broken tail (fused vertebrae), docked, even partially.
Hindquarters :

Presence of dewclaws.
Colour :

Brown (chocolate), Blue.
N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bluetick Coonhound

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

BLUETICK COONHOUND
(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
The Bluetick should have the appearance of a speedy and well-muscled hound. He never appears clumsy or overly chunky in build. He has a neat, compact body, a glossy coat and clear, keen eyes. In motion he carries his head and tail well up.

SIZE, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE:
Height at withers for adult males, 22 to 27 inches (55.88 – 68.58 cm). For adult females, 21 to 25 inches (53.34 – 63.50 cm). Weight for males 55 to 80 pounds (24.95 – 36.29 kg), females 45 to 65 pounds (20.41 – 29.48 kg).
Proportion (measured from point of shoulder to base of tail and withers to ground) is square or slightly longer than tall. Disqualifications: Males under 22 inches (55.88 cm) or over 27 inches (68.58 cm). Females under 21 inches (53.34 cm) or over 25 (63.50 cm) inches. (Entries in puppy class are not to be disqualified for being undersize.)

HEAD:
The head is broad between the ears with a slightly domed skull. Total length of head from occiput to end of nose is 9 to 10 inches (22.86 – 25.4 cm) in males and 8 to 9 inches (20.32 – 22.86 cm) in females. Stop is prominent.
Muzzle is long, broad and deep, square in profile with flews that well cover the line of the lower jaw. Depth of foreface should be 3 to 4½ inches (7.62 – 11.43 cm).
Eyes-rather large, set wide apart in skull. Round in shape and dark brown in color (never lighter than light brown). Eye rims tight and close fitting. No excess third eyelid should be apparent. Expression is a typical pleading hound expression, never wild or cowering.
Ears-set low and devoid of erectile power. Should be thin with a slight roll, taper well towards a point, and reach well towards the end of the nose when pulled forward. Well attached to head to prevent hanging or backward tilt. Nose-large with well-opened nostrils. Fully pigmented, black in color. Teeth-scissors bite preferred, even bite acceptable. Undershot or overshot are disqualifying faults. Disqualifications: undershot or overshot.

NECK, TOPLINE, BODY:
Neck-muscular and of moderate length, tapering slightly from shoulders to head. Carried well up but not vertical (goose necked). Throat clean with only a slight trace of dewlap.
Body-the body should show considerable depth (extending well down toward the elbow), rather than excessive width, to allow for plenty of lung space. Forechest is moderate, fairly even with the point of the shoulder. Girth of chest for males is 26 to 34 inches (66.04 – 86.36 cm), for females 23 to 30 inches (58.42 – 76.2 cm). Ribs are long and well-sprung, tapering gradually towards a moderate tuck-up. Back is muscular and topline slopes downward slightly from withers to hips. Loin is broad, well-muscled and slightly arched.

FOREQUARTERS:
Legs are straight from elbows to feet, well boned and muscular, with strong, straight, slightly sloping pasterns. Legs should appear straight from either side or front view. Length of leg from elbow to ground is approximately one half the height at the withers. Shoulders are clean and sloping, muscular but not too broad or rough, giving the appearance of freedom of movement and strength.

HINDQUARTERS:
Hips are strong and well-muscled, not quite as wide as ribcage. Thighs have great muscular development for an abundance of propelling power. Breeching full and clean down to hock. Hocks are strong and moderately bent. Dewclaws are removed. Rear legs are parallel from hip to foot when viewed from behind (no cowhocks).

FEET:
Round (cat-like) with well arched toes and thick, tough pads.

TAIL:
Set on slightly below the line of the back, strongly rooted and tapering to a moderate length (in balance to the overall length of the hound). Carried high with a forward half-moon curve. Well coated but without flag.

COAT:
Medium coarse and lying close to the body, appearing smooth and glossy. Not rough or too short.

COLOR:
Preferred color is a dark blue, thickly mottled body, spotted by various shaped black spots on back, ears and sides. Preference is to more blue than black on body. Head and ears predominately black. With or without tan markings (over eyes, on cheeks, chest and below tail) and red ticking on feet and lower legs. A fully blue mottled body is preferred over light ticking on the body. There should be more blue ticking than white in the body coat. No other colors allowed. Disqualifications: Any color other than that described in the standard. Albinism.

GAIT:
Active and vigorous, with topline carried firmly and head and tail well up.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Active, ambitious and speedy on the trail. The Bluetick should be a free tonguer on trail, with a medium bawl or bugle voice when striking and trailing, which may change to a steady chop when running and a steady coarse chop at the tree.

DISQUALIFICATIONS:
Males under 22 inches (55.88 cm) or over 27 inches (68.58 cm). Females under 21 inches (53.34 cm) or over 25 inches (63.5 cm). (Entries in puppy class are not to be disqualified for being undersize.) Any color other than that described in the standard. Undershot or overshot. Albinism.

 

Bloodhound

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016)
GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Noble and dignified expression, characterised by solemnity, wisdom and power.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Possesses, in a marked degree, every point and characteristic of those dogs which hunt together by scent (Sagaces). Very powerful, standing over more ground than is usual with hounds of other breeds. Skin relatively loose.

TEMPERAMENT:
Affectionate, neither quarrelsome with companions nor with other dogs. Somewhat reserved and sensitive.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Head narrow in proportion to length and long in proportion to body, tapering slightly from temples to muzzle, thus when viewed from above and in front, having appearance of being flattened at sides and of being nearly equal in width throughout entire length. In profile upper outline of skull is nearly in same plane as that of foreface. Length from end of nose to stop not less than that from stop to back of occipital protuberance. Entire length of head from posterior part of occipital protuberance to end of muzzle 30 cms (12 ins) or more in dogs and 28 cms (11 ins) or more in bitches. Skull is long and narrow, with occipital peak pronounced. Brows not prominent. Sufficient stop. Foreface long, deep and of even width throughout, with square outlines when seen in profile. Head furnished with only a small amount of loose skin. Nostrils large and open. In front, lips fall squarely making a right angle with upper line of foreface.

EYES:
Medium size, dark brown or hazel, neither sunken nor prominent, the lids being oval in shape and meeting the cornea - front window of the eye - perfectly without any irregularity in their contour. Eyes should be free from any interference from the eyelashes. Any obvious signs of eye irritation must be heavily penalised. The eyesight of the hound should be unimpeded.

EARS:
Thin and soft to the touch, long, set on low and falling in graceful folds, lower parts curling inwards and backwards.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK:
Long.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulders muscular and well sloped. Forelegs straight, large, round in bone with elbows well set in. Pasterns strong.

BODY:
Ribs well sprung, chest well let down between forelegs forming a deep keel. Back and loins strong, the latter deep and slightly arched.

HINDQUARTERS:
Thighs and second thighs very muscular. Hocks well let down, bent and squarely set.

FEET:
Strong and well knuckled up.

TAIL (Stern):
Long, thick, tapering to a point, set high with moderate amount of hair underneath. Carried scimitar-fashion but not curled over back or corkscrew any time. When moving carried high.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Elastic, swinging free.

COAT:
Smooth, short and weatherproof.

COLOUR:
Black and tan, liver and tan (red and tan) and red. Darker colours sometimes interspersed with lighter or badger-coloured hair and sometimes flecked with white. Small amount of white permissible on chest, feet and tip of tail.

SIZE:
Height of adult Dogs: 66 cms (26 ins)
Bitches : 61 cms (24 ins).
Dogs usually vary from 63 - 69 cms (25 - 27 ins)
Bitches from 58 - 63 cms (23 - 25 ins).
Mean average weight of adult Dogs in fair condition 41 kgs (90 lbs)
Bitches 36 kgs (80 lbs).
Dogs attain the weight of 50 kgs (110 lbs)
Bitches 45.5 kgs (100 lbs).
Hounds of the maximum height and weight preferred, providing that quality, proportion and balance combine.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dogs ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

 

Basset Hound

Posted in Hound Group

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

BASSET HOUND
(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced, full of quality. It is important to bear in mind that this is a working hound and must be fit for purpose, therefore should be strong, active and capable of great endurance in the field.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Tenacious hound of ancient lineage which hunts by scent, possessing a pack instinct, and a deep melodious voice.

TEMPERAMENT:
Placid, never aggressive or timid. Affectionate.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Domed with some stop and occipital bone prominent; of medium width at brow and tapering slightly to muzzle; general appearance of foreface lean not snipey. Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput and not much longer than head from stop to occiput. There may be a small amount of wrinkle at brow and beside eyes. In any event, skin of head is supple enough as to wrinkle noticeably when drawn forward or when head is lowered. Flews of upper lip overlap lower substantially. Nose entirely black except in light-coloured hounds when it may be brown or liver. Large and well opened nostrils may protrude a little beyond lips.

EYES:
Lozenge-shaped neither prominent nor too deep-set, dark but may shade to mid-brown in light coloured hounds. Expression calm and serious. Light or yellow eye highly undesirable.

EARS:
Set on low, just below line of eye. Long; reaching slightly beyond end of muzzle of correct length but not excessively so. Narrow throughout their length and curling well inwards; very supple, fine and velvety in texture.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK:
Muscular, well arched and fairly long with pronounced but not exaggerated dewlap.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulder blades well laid back; shoulders not heavy. Forelegs short, powerful and with great bone; elbows turning neither in nor out but fitting neatly against side. Upper forearm inclined slightly inwards, but not to such an extent as to prevent free action or to result in legs touching each other when standing or in action; forechest fitting neatly into crook when viewed from front. Knuckling-over highly undesirable. Some wrinkles of skin on lower legs, but this must on no account be excessive.

BODY:
Long and deep throughout length, breast bone prominent but chest neither narrow nor unduly deep. There should be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and the ground to allow the hound to move freely over all types of terrain. Ribs well rounded and sprung, without flange, extending well back. Back rather broad and level; withers and quarters of approximately same height, though loins may arch slightly. Back from withers to inset of quarters not unduly long.

HINDQUARTERS:
Full of muscle and standing out well, giving an almost spherical effect when viewed from rear. Stifles well bent. Hocks well let down and slightly bent under but turn neither in nor out and just under body when standing naturally. Some wrinkles of skin may appear between hock and foot, and at rear of joint a slight pouch of skin, may be present, but on no account should any of these be excessive.

FEET:
Large well knuckled up and padded. Forefeet may point straight ahead or be turned slightly outwards but, in every case, hound always stands perfectly true, weight being born equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

TAIL (Stern):
Well set on, rather long, strong at base, tapering, with moderate amount of coarse hair underneath. When moving, stern carried well up and curving gently, sabre-fashion, never curling or gay.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Most important to ensure that the hound is fit for purpose. Smooth, free action with forelegs reaching well forward and hind legs showing powerful thrust, hound moving true both front and rear. Hocks and stifles never stiff in movement, nor must any toes be dragged.

COAT:
Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Whole outline clean and free from feathering. Long hair, soft coat with feathering highly undesirable. Skin is supple and elastic without any exaggeration.

COLOUR:
Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour); lemon and white (bi-colour); but any recognised hound colour acceptable.

SIZE:
Height : 33 - 38 cms (13 - 15 ins) at withers.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dogs ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Basset Griffon Vendeen (Petit)

Posted in Hound Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

BASSET GRIFFON VENDEEN (PETIT)
(Effective 31.03.2016)
GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Well balanced, short-legged, rough coated, compact hound. Alert outlook and lively bearing.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Strong, active hound capable of a day’s hunting, with a good voice purposefully used.

TEMPERAMENT:
Happy, extrovert, independent, yet willing to please.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Head carried proudly. Skull of moderate length, slightly domed, not too wide, oval when viewed from above. Well cut away under eyes. Occiput moderately well developed. Stop clearly defined. Muzzle square, length from nose to stop slightly less than from stop to occiput. Underjaw strong and well developed. Nose black, large and prominent, with wide nostrils. Lips covered with long hair forming beard and moustache.

EYES:
Large, dark and oval, showing no white, with a friendly, intelligent expression. Haw not visible. Long eyebrow hair standing forward, but not obscuring eyes.

EARS:
Supple, narrow and fine, covered with long hair, folding inwards, ending in an oval shape. Not reaching beyond the tip of the nose. Set on low, just below the line of the eye.

MOUTH:
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

NECK:
Long and strong, thicker at the base, well set into shoulders; without Dewlap.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulders clean and well laid back. Upper arm approximately equal in length to the shoulder. Elbows close to body. Forearms straight when viewed from the front and well boned in proportion to size. Pasterns strong and slightly sloping. Knuckling over is unacceptable.

BODY:
Back of medium length. Length of body measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock exceeds height at withers at a ratio of approximately 7:5. Chest deep with prominent sternum. Ribs moderately rounded, well let down to elbow and extending well back. Level topline. Strong, short, well-muscled loins. Croup well-muscled and of good width.

HINDQUARTERS:
Strong and muscular with good bend of stifle. Well defined second thigh. Hocks well let down and turning neither in nor out.

FEET:
Hard, tight padded, not too long. Nails strong and short.

TAIL:
Of medium length, reaching no further than the hock when lowered. Set on high, thick at the base, strong at base, tapering gradually, well furnished with hair. Carried proudly sabre-like when moving.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Free at all paces, with great drive. Front action straight and reaching well forward; hocks turning neither in nor out.

COAT:
Rough, not too long and without exaggeration: harsh to the touch, with thick undercoat, never silky or woolly. For show purposes the coat may be tidied, but a natural appearance must be retained. Trimming or stylising should be penalised.

COLOUR:
White with any combination of lemon, orange, sable, grizzle or black markings.

SIZE:
Height at withers: 34 - 38 cms (13.5 - 15 ins). A tolerance of 1cm (3/8in) more or less is permissible.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

 

Dachshund (Miniature Long-haired)

Posted in Hound Group

 

breed header Dachshund Min Long haired

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Moderately long and low with no exaggeration; compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to rear thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build is retained to ensure working ability.

TEMPERAMENT:

Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:

Long, appearing conical when seen from above; from side tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire Haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips well stretched, neatly covering lower jaw. Strong jaw bones, not too square or snipey, but opening wide.

EYES:

Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in chocolates where they can be lighter. In dapples one or both ‘wall’ eyes permissible.

EARS:

Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not pointed or folded). Forward edge touching cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, back of ear directed forward and outward.

MOUTH:

Teeth strongly developed, powerful canine teeth fitting closely. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

NECK:

Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulder blades long, broad and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon very robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining slightly inwards; when seen in profile moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel.

BODY:

Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from side or above, full volumed so allowing, by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. Well ribbed up, underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

HINDQUARTERS:

Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Legs when seen behind set well apart, straight and parallel.

FEET:

Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dogs must stand true i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.

TAIL:

Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kinks or twists, not carried too high or touching ground when at rest.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.

COAT:

Long-Haired: Soft and straight, or only slightly waved; longest under neck, on underparts of body and behind legs, where it forms abundant feathering, on tail where it forms a flag. Outside of ears well feathered. Coat flat, and not obscuring outline. Too much hair on feet undesirable.

COLOUR:

All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occur all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours Isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate dapple where they are brown.

SIZE:

Ideal weight: 9 - 12 kgs (20 - 26 lbs).

Miniature ideal weight: 4.5 kgs (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kgs (11 lbs). Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to performs its traditional work.

NOTE:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Breeds footer Dachshund Min Longhaired

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Dachshund (Miniature Smooth-haired)

Posted in Hound Group

  A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE:

Moderately long and low with no exaggeration; compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to rear thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.

CHARACTERISTICS:
Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build is retained to ensure working ability.

TEMPERAMENT:
Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Long, appearing conical when seen from above; from side tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire Haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips well stretched, neatly covering lower jaw. Strong jaw bones, not too square or snipey, but opening wide.

EYES:
Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in chocolates where they can be lighter. In dapples one or both ‘wall’ eyes permissible.

EARS:
Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not pointed or folded). Forward edge touching cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, back of ear directed forward and outward.

MOUTH:
Teeth strongly developed, powerful canine teeth fitting closely. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

NECK:
Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulder blades long, broad and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon very robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining slightly inwards; when seen in profile moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel.

BODY:
Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from side or above, full volumed so allowing, by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. Well ribbed up, underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

HINDQUARTERS:
Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Legs when seen behind set well apart, straight and parallel.

FEET:
Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dogs must stand true i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.

TAIL:
Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kinks or twists, not carried too high or touching ground when at rest.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.

COAT:
Smooth Haired: Dense, short and smooth. Hair on underside of tail coarse in texture. Skin loose and supple but fitting closely all over without dewlap and little or no wrinkle.

COLOUR:
All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occur all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours Isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate dapple where they are brown.

SIZE:
Ideal weight: 9 - 12 kgs (20 - 26 lbs).

Miniature ideal weight: 4.5 kgs (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kgs (11 lbs). Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to performs its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Breeds footer Dachshund Miniature Smooth Haired

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Dachshund (Miniature Wire-haired)

Posted in Hound Group

 

breed header Dachshund Miniature Wire haired

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016) 

GENERAL APPEARANCE :

Moderately long and low with no exaggeration; compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to rear thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.

CHARACTERISTICS :
Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build is retained to ensure working ability.

TEMPERAMENT:
Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Long, appearing conical when seen from above; from side tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire Haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips well stretched, neatly covering lower jaw. Strong jaw bones, not too square or snipey, but opening wide.

EYES:
Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in chocolates where they can be lighter. In dapples one or both ‘wall’ eyes permissible.

EARS:
Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not pointed or folded). Forward edge touching cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, back of ear directed forward and outward.

MOUTH:
Teeth strongly developed, powerful canine teeth fitting closely. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

NECK:
Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulder blades long, broad and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon very robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining slightly inwards; when seen in profile moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel.

BODY:
Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from side or above, full volumed so allowing, by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. Well ribbed up, underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

HINDQUARTERS:
Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Legs when seen behind set well apart, straight and parallel.

FEET:
Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dogs must stand true i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.

TAIL:
Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kinks or twists, not carried too high or touching ground when at rest.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.

COAT:
Wire-Haired: With exception of jaw, eyebrows, chin and ears, the whole body should be covered with a short, straight, harsh coat with dense undercoat, beard on the chin, eyebrows bushy, but hair on ears almost smooth. Legs and feet well but neatly furnished with harsh coat.

COLOUR:
All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occur all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours Isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate dapple where they are brown.

SIZE:
Ideal weight: 9 - 12 kgs (20 - 26 lbs).

Miniatures
Ideal weight: 4.5 kgs (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kgs (11 lbs). Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to performs its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Breeds footer Dachshund Min Wirehaired

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Dachshund (Long-haired)

Posted in Hound Group

 

breed header Dachshund Long Haired

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE :

Moderately long and low with no exaggeration; compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to rear thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.

CHARACTERISTICS :

Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build is retained to ensure working ability.

TEMPERAMENT:

Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:

Long, appearing conical when seen from above; from side tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire Haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips well stretched, neatly covering lower jaw. Strong jaw bones, not too square or snipey, but opening wide.

EYES:

Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in chocolates where they can be lighter. In dapples one or both ‘wall’ eyes permissible.

EARS:

Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not pointed or folded). Forward edge touching cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, back of ear directed forward and outward.

MOUTH:

Teeth strongly developed, powerful canine teeth fitting closely. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

NECK:

Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.

FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulder blades long, broad and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon very robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining slightly inwards; when seen in profile moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel.

BODY:

Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from side or above, full volumed so allowing, by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. Well ribbed up, underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

HINDQUARTERS:

Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Legs when seen behind set well apart, straight and parallel.

FEET:

Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dogs must stand true i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.

TAIL:

Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kinks or twists, not carried too high or touching ground when at rest.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:

Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.

COAT:

Long Haired: Soft and straight, or only slightly waved; longest under neck, on underparts of body, and behind legs, where it forms abundant feathering, on tail where it forms a flag. Outside of ears well feathered. Coat flat, and not obscuring outline. Too much hair on feet undesirable.

COLOUR:

All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occur all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours Isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate dapple where they are brown.

SIZE:

Ideal weight: 9 - 12 kgs (20 - 26 lbs).

Miniature ideal weight; 4.5 kgs (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kgs (11 lbs). Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.

FAULTS:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

NOTE:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Breeds footer Dachshund Longhaired

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Dachshund (Smooth-haired)

Posted in Hound Group

breed header Dachshund Smooth Haired

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE :

Moderately long and low with no exaggeration; compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to rear thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.

CHARACTERISTICS :
Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build is retained to ensure working ability.

TEMPERAMENT:
Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Long, appearing conical when seen from above; from side tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire Haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips well stretched, neatly covering lower jaw. Strong jaw bones, not too square or snipey, but opening wide.

EYES:
Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in chocolates where they can be lighter. In dapples one or both ‘wall’ eyes permissible.

EARS:
Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not pointed or folded). Forward edge touching cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, back of ear directed forward and outward.

MOUTH:
Teeth strongly developed, powerful canine teeth fitting closely. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

NECK:
Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulder blades long, broad and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon very robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining slightly inwards; when seen in profile moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel.

BODY:
Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from side or above, full volumed so allowing, by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. Well ribbed up, underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

HINDQUARTERS:
Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Legs when seen behind set well apart, straight and parallel.

FEET:
Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dogs must stand true i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.

TAIL:
Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kinks or twists, not carried too high or touching ground when at rest.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.

COAT:
Smooth-Haired: Dense, short and smooth. Hair on underside of tail coarse in texture. Skin loose and supple but fitting closely all over without dewlap and little or no wrinkle.

COLOUR:
All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occur all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours Isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate dapple where they are brown.

SIZE:
Ideal weight: 9 - 12 kgs (20 - 26 lbs).

Miniature ideal weight: 4.5 kgs (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kgs (11 lbs). Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to performs its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Breeds footer Dachshund Smooth Haired

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Dachshund (Wire-haired)

Posted in Hound Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

(Effective 31.03.2016)

GENERAL APPEARANCE

Moderately long and low with no exaggeration; compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to rear thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.

CHARACTERISTICS :
Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build is retained to ensure working ability.

TEMPERAMENT:
Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

HEAD AND SKULL:
Long, appearing conical when seen from above; from side tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire Haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips well stretched, neatly covering lower jaw. Strong jaw bones, not too square or snipey, but opening wide.

EYES:
Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in chocolates where they can be lighter. In dapples one or both ‘wall’ eyes permissible.

EARS:
Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not pointed or folded). Forward edge touching cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, back of ear directed forward and outward.

MOUTH:
Teeth strongly developed, powerful canine teeth fitting closely. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

NECK:
Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.

FOREQUARTERS:
Shoulder blades long, broad and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon very robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining slightly inwards; when seen in profile moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel.

BODY:
Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from side or above, full volumed so allowing, by its ample capacity, complete development of heart and lungs. Well ribbed up, underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

HINDQUARTERS:
Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Legs when seen behind set well apart, straight and parallel.

FEET:
Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dogs must stand true i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.

TAIL:
Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kinks or twists, not carried too high or touching ground when at rest.

GAIT/MOVEMENT:
Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.

COAT:
Wire-Haired: With exception of jaw, eyebrows, chin and ears, the whole body should be covered with a short, straight, harsh coat with dense undercoat, beard on the chin, eyebrows bushy, but hair on ears almost smooth. Legs and feet well but neatly furnished with harsh coat.

COLOUR:
All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occur all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours Isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate dapple where they are brown.

SIZE:
Ideal weight: 9 - 12 kgs (20 - 26 lbs).

Miniature ideal weight: 4.5 kgs (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kgs (11 lbs). Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to performs its traditional work.

NOTE:
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Only clinically and functionally healthy dogs with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Breeds footer Dachshund Wire Haired

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Thai Ridgeback Dog

Posted in Hound Group

 

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

UTILIZATION:
Hunting and companion dog.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The Thai Ridgeback Dog is an old breed which can be seen in the archaeological documents in Thailand which were written about 360 years ago. It was used mainly for hunting in the eastern part of Thailand. People also used it to escort their carts and as a watch dog. The reason why it has kept its own original type for so many years is due to poor transportation systems in the eastern part of Thailand; it had fewer chances to crossbreed with other breeds.

GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Medium-sized dog with short hair forming a ridge along the back. The body is slightly longer than its height at withers. Muscles are well developed, and its anatomical structure is suitable for activities.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
Length of body: Height at the withers = 11: 1O

Depth of chest: Height at the withers = 1: 2

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Tough and active with excellent jumping ability. A loyal family dog.

HEAD
CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: The skull is flat between the ears but slightly rounded when seen from the side.

Forehead: Wrinkles when the dog is attentive.

Stop: Clearly defined, but moderate.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Black. In blue dogs, the nose is bluish.

Nasal bridge: Straight and long.

Muzzle: Wedge-shaped, slightly shorter than skull.

Lips: Tight with good pigmentation.

Mouth: Black marking on the tongue is preferable.

Jaws: Upper and lower jaws are strong.

Teeth: White and strong with scissors bite.

Eyes: Medium size and almond shaped. The eye colour is dark brown. In blues, amber-coloured eyes are permitted.

Ears: Set on sides of the skull. Medium sized, triangular, inclining forward and firmly pricked. Not cropped.

NECK:
Medium length, strong, muscular, slightly arched and holding head high.

BODY
Back: Strong and level.

Loin: Strong and broad.

Croup: Moderately sloping.

Chest: Deep enough to reach the elbows. The ribs are well sprung, but not barrel-shaped.

Lower line: The belly is well tucked up.

TAIL:
Thick at base with gradual tapering toward the tip. The tip can reach hock joints. Carried vertically and slightly curved.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS:

Shoulder: Well laid back.

Forearm: Straight.

Pastern: Straight when seen from the front and very slightly sloping when seen from the side.

Feet: Oval

Nails: Black but can be lighter depending on coat colour.

HINDQUARTERS:
Thighs: Well developed with well bent stifles.

Hocks: Strong and well let down.

Rear Pastern: Straight and parallel when seen from the rear.

Feet: Oval

GAIT:
Reachy stride with no pitching nor rolling of the body. Parallel tracking at normal speed. When viewed from the front, the forelegs move up and down in straight lines so that the shoulder, elbow and pastern joints are approximately in line with each other. When viewed from the rear, the stifle and hip joints are approximately in line. Movement in a straight line forward without throwing the feet in or out; thus enabling the stride to be long and drive powerful. The overall appearance of the moving dog is one of smooth flowing and well balanced rhythm.

SKIN:
Soft, fine and tight. Throat: no dewlap.

COAT
HAIR:

Short and smooth. The ridge on the top region is formed by the hair growing in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat. It should be clearly defined from other parts of the back. There are various shapes and lengths of ridge, but must be symmetrical on either side of the backbone and within the width of the back.

Crowns or whirls at the head of the ridge are acceptable.

COLOUR:
Solid colour: red, black, blue and very light fawn (isabella). Black mask is preferable in reds.

SIZE:
Ideal height at the withers: Dogs 22-24 inches (56-61 cm). Bitches 20-22 inches (51-56 cm). There is a tolerance of plus or minus one inch (2.5 cm).

FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Any bite other than scissors bite.
Unbalanced ridge.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
Dogs without ridge
Long hair.
N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.