A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.
The Siberian Husky is a medium sized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful in action. His moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest his Northern heritage. His characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance. The males of the Siberian Husky breed are masculine but never coarse; the bitches are feminine but without weakness of structure. In proper condition, with muscle firm and well developed, the Siberian Husky does not carry excess weight.
In profile, the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the rear point of the croup is slightly longer than the height of the body from the ground to the top of the withers. - The distance from the tip of the nose to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
The characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing. He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs. Some measure of reserve and dignity may be expected in the mature dog. His intelligence, tractability, and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker.
Skull : Of medium size and in proportion to the body; slightly rounded on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes.
Stop : Well defined.
Nose : Black in gray, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; may be flesh-coloured in pure white dogs. The pink-streaked « snow nose » is acceptable.
Muzzle : Of medium length and of medium width, tapering gradually to the nose, with the tip neither pointed nor square. The bridge of the nose is straight from the stop to the tip.
Lips : Well pigmented and close fitting.
Jaws/Teeth : Closing in a scissor bite.
Eyes : Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. Eyes may be brown or blue in colour; one of each or particoloured are acceptable.
Expression : Keen, but friendly, interested and even mischievous.
Ears : Of medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high on the head. They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at the back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips pointing straight up.
Medium in length, arched and carried proudly erect when dog is standing. When moving at a trot, the neck is extended so that the head is carried slightly forward.
Back : Straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup. Of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from excessive length.
Loin : Taut and lean, narrower than the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up.
Croup : Slopes away from the spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict the rearward thrust of the hind legs.
Chest : Deep and strong, but not too broad, with the deepest point being just behind and level with the elbows. The ribs are well sprung from the spine but flattened on the sides to allow for freedom of action.
The well furred tail of fox-brush shape is set on just below the level of the topline, and is usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back. A trailing tail is normal for the dog when in repose. Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush.
When standing and viewed from the front, the legs are moderately spaced, parallel and straight. Bone is substantial but never heavy. Length of the leg from the elbow to ground is slightly more than the distance from the elbow to the top of withers. Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed.
Shoulders and arm : The shoulder blade is well laid back. The upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, and is never perpendicular to the ground. The muscles and ligaments holding the shoulder to the rib cage are firm and well developed.
Elbows : Close to the body and turned neither in nor out.
Pastern joint : Strong, but flexible.
Pasterns : Viewed from the side, pasterns are slightly slanted.
When standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are moderately spaced and parallel. Dewclaws, if any, are to be removed.
Upper thigh : Well muscled and powerful.
Stifle : Well bent.
Hock joint : Well defined and set low to ground.
Oval in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads. The pads are tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor out when the dog is in natural stance.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
The Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He is quick and light on his feet, and when in the show ring should be gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the hindquarters. When viewed from the front to rear while moving at a walk the Siberian Husky does not single-track, but as the speed increases the legs gradually angle inward until the pads are falling on a line directly under the longitudinal centre of the body. As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hind legs are carried straightforward, with neither elbows nor stifles turned in or out. Each hind leg moves in the path of the foreleg on the same side. While the dog is gaiting, the topline remains firm and level.
The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance, but is never so long as to obscure the cleancut outline of the dog. The undercoat is soft and dense and of sufficient length to support the outer coat. The guard hairs of the outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never harsh nor standing straight off from the body. It should be noted that the absence of the undercoat during the shedding season is normal. Trimming of whiskers and fur between the toes and around the feet to present a neater appearance is permissible. Trimming the fur on any other part of the dog is not to be condoned and should be severely penalized.
All colours from black to pure white are allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
- Height at withers : Dogs: 21 to 23, 5 inches (53,5 - 60 cm).
- Females : 20 to 22 inches (50,5 - 56 cm).
- Weight : Dogs : 45 to 60 pounds (20,5 - 28 kg).
- Females : 35 to 50 pounds (15,5 - 23 kg).
Weight is in proportion to height. The measurements mentioned above represent the extreme height and weight limits with no preference given to either extreme. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should be penalized.
The most important breed characteristics of the Siberian Husky are medium size, moderate bone, well balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, pleasing head and ears, correct tail, and good disposition. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight, constricted or clumsy gait, or long, rough coat should be penalized. The Siberian Husky never appears so heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal; nor is he so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. In both sexes the Siberian Husky gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance. In addition to the faults already noted, the obvious structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Siberian Husky as in any other breed, even though they are not specifically mentioned herein.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Skull : Head clumsy or heavy; head too finely chiseled.
- Stop : Insufficient.
- Muzzle : Either too snipy or too coarse; too short or too long.
- Jaws/Teeth : Any bite other than scissor bite.
- Eyes : Set too obliquely; set too close together.
- Ears : Too large in proportion to the head; too wide set; not strongly erect.
- Neck : Too short and thick; too long.
- Back : Weak or slack back; roached back; sloping topline.
- Chest : Too broad; « barrel ribs »; ribs too flat or weak.
- Tail : A snapped or tightly curled tail; highly plumed tail; tail set too low or too high.
- Shoulders : Straight shoulders; loose shoulders.
- Forequarters : Weak pasterns; too heavy bone; too narrow or too wide in the front; out at the elbows.
- Hindquarters : Straight stifles, cow-hocks, too narrow or too wide in the rear.
- Feet : Soft or splayed toes; paws too large and clumsy; paws too small and delicate; toeing in or out.
- Gait/Movement : Short, prancing or choppy gait, lumbering or rolling gait; crossing or crabbing.
- Hair : Long, rough, or shaggy coat; texture too harsh or too silky; trimming of the coat, except as permitted above.
- DISQUALIFYING FAULTS
- Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
- Dogs over 23,5 inches (60 cm) and bitches over 22 inches (56 cm).
- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.