A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.
Companion and family dog.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
In the USA and Canada White Shepherd dogs have gradually become to be accepted as a distinct breed. The first dogs of this breed were imported to Switzerland in the early 70ies. The American male “Lobo”, whelped on 5th of March 1966, can be considered as the progenitor of the breed in Switzerland. The descendants of this male registered with the Swiss Stud Book (LOS) and other White Shepherd dogs imported from the USA and Canada, gradually multiplied. There now exists a big number of purebred over several generations White Shepherd dogs throughout Europe. These dogs have been registered as a new breed in the appendix of the Swiss Stud Book (LOS) since June 1991.
A powerful, well-muscled, medium sized, White Shepherd dog with erect ears, double coat which is either of medium length or long; elongated shape; medium sized bone and elegant, harmonious outline.
Moderately long rectangular shape: body length (from the point of shoulder to point of buttock) to height at withers = 12: 10. The distance from the stop to the tip of the nose is slightly more than the distance from the stop to the occipital protuberance.
Lively and balanced temperament, enjoys action, attentive with good ability to be trained. Friendly and discreet. High social competence and devoted to his owner. Never afraid or aggressive without provocation. A joyful and easy to teach working and sporting dog with capability for all round education. High social competence allows for a marked ability to adapt and integrate to all kinds of social events and situations.
CRANIAL REGION: Strong, clean cut and finely chiselled, in good proportion to the body. Wedge-shaped, seen from above and from the side. Axes of skull and muzzle parallel.
Skull: Only slightly rounded; central furrow only slightly perceptible.
Stop: Slightly marked, but clearly perceptible.
Nose: Medium-sized; black pigmentation desired; snow nose and lighter nose accepted.
Muzzle: Powerful and moderately long in relation to the skull; nasal bridge and lower line of muzzle straight, slightly convergent towards the nose.
Lips: Dry, closing tightly, as black as possible.
Jaws/Teeth: Powerful and complete, scissor bite. The teeth should be set square to the jaw.
Eyes: Medium-sized, almond shaped, placed a little obliquely; colour brown to dark-brown; eye lids well-fitting with black eye-rims desirable.
Ears: Erect ears, set high, parallel and directed forward; in the shape of an elongated triangle with the tip slightly rounded.
Moderately long and well-muscled, with harmonious set-on to the body, without dewlap; the elegantly arched neckline runs in a continuous line from the moderately high carried head to the withers.
Top line: Strong, muscular, medium-long.
Back: Level, firm.
Loin: Strongly muscled.
Croup: Long and of medium width; gently sloping from the set-on to root of tail.
Chest: Not too broad; deep (about 50 % of the height at the withers); reaching to the elbows; ribcage oval; extending well to the rear. Prominent fore chest.
Underline and belly: Flanks slender, firm; underline moderately tucked up.
Bushy sabre tail, tapering to the tip; set on rather low; reaching at least to the hock joint; at rest, it hangs either straight down or with a slight saber-like curve in its last third part; in action carried higher, but never above the topline.
General appearance: Strong, sinewy, medium bone. Straight, seen from the front; only moderately broad stance; seen in profile, well angulated.
Shoulder: Shoulder blade long and well laid back; well angulated; whole shoulder strongly muscled.
Upper arm: Adequately long, strong muscles.
Elbow: Close fitting.
Forearm: Long, straight, sinewy.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Firm and only slightly oblique.
Forefeet: Oval, toes tight and well arched; firm black pads; dark nails desired.
General appearance: Strong, sinewy, medium bone. Seen from the rear straight and parallel; standing not too wide; seen from the side with adequate angulation.
Thigh: Medium-long, strongly muscled.
Stifle (Knee): Adequate angulation.
Lower thigh: Medium-long, oblique, with solid bone and well-muscled.
Hock joint: Powerful, well angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Moderately long, straight, sinewy.
Hind feet: Oval, hind feet a little longer than forefeet; toes tight and well arched; firm black pads; dark nails desired.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Rhythmical sequences of steps with even drive and enduring; front legs reaching out far, with strong thrust; trot is ground covering and easy.
Without folds; dark pigmentation.
Medium length coat: Dense, close-lying double coat; abundant undercoat covered with hard, straight protection hair; face, ears and front of legs are covered with shorter hair; at the neck and the back of the legs the coat is slightly longer. Slightly wavy, hard hair is permitted.
Long coat: Dense, close-lying double coat; abundant undercoat covered with hard, straight protection hair; face, ears and front of legs are covered with shorter hair; at the neck the long coat forms a distinct mane and at the back of the legs it forms trousers and the hair on the tail is bushy. The coat length should never be exaggerated. Slightly wavy, hard hair is permitted.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: 58 - 66 cms. Females: 53 - 61 cms.
Weight: Males: ca. 30 - 40 kgs. Females: ca. 25 - 35 kgs.
Typical dogs slightly under- or oversized should not be disqualified.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
- Slight fawn coloured overlay (light yellow or fawn shade) on ear tips, on back and upper part of tail.
- Partial loss of pigment of flecked appearance on nose, lips and/or eye rims.
- Heavy appearance, too short build (square outline).
- Absence of sexual dimorphism.
- Missing more than two PM1; the M3 are not taken into account.
- Drop (hanging) ears, semi-pricked ears, button ears.
- Severely sloping backline.
- Ringtail, kinked tail, hook tail, tail carried over back.
- Soft, silky topcoat; woolly, curly, open coat; distinctly long hair without undercoat.
- Distinct fawn colour (distinct yellowish or tawny overlay) on ear tips, back and upper side of the tail.
- Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
- Anxiety, high grade fearfulness, aggressiveness due to anxiety, unnecessary aggression, lethargic behaviour.
- One eye or both blue, protruding eyes.
- Entropion, ectropion.
- Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
- Total loss of pigment on nose, lips and/or eye rims.
- Total loss of pigment in the skin and on the pads.
- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.