Additions and Amendments to Breed Standards - Effective 01 January 2016

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          ADDITIONS AND AMENDMENTS            

TO

BREED STANDARDS

The amendments to the Breed Standards listed below were agreed to by the Federal Council Members at its meeting held on 27 & 28th June 2015 and will become effective 01 January 2016 (01.01.16), unless otherwise stated.

N.B.: The references refer to the Constitution and Schedules on the KUSA website (www.kusa.co.za).

ALL BREED STANDARDS

The following clause to be inserted at the beginning of every Breed Standard, with immediate effect:

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs typical of the breed are to be used for breeding.

GUNDOG GROUP

Gordon Setter

BODY

Moderate length. Level topline, deep brisket, ribs well sprung. Back ribs deep. Loins wide, slightly arched. Chest not too broad.

HERDING GROUP

Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)

FEET

Round, tight, rather large and well padded.

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dogs ability to perform its traditional work.

Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dogs ability to perform its traditional work.

HOUND GROUP

Azawakh

Amend to read:

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: It is an African sighthound descending from the types pictured in the wall paintings of the Central Sahara which date back thousands of years. The ever increasing aridity of the Sahara caused Tuareg, Dahoussahaq and Peul shepherd-hunters to migrate with their dogs to the more hospitable lands of the Sahel: in areas suitable for farming and hunting along the dry valley of the Azawakh. Belonging to the culture of peoples who domesticated and shaped it, it is known as Oska in the Tuareg language. European enthousiasts discovered the breed with admiration, and selected with the help of the breeders who owned the first lines exported to Europe, as of 1968.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Particularly slim and elegant, the Azawakh sighthound gives a general impression of great slenderness. Its bone structure and muscles show through thin and dry skin. It is a slender dog whose body fits into a rectangle with a vertical long side.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

Height at the withers / Scapulo-ischial length: 10-9 (a ratio slightly lower in females is allowed)-

Height at the withers / Depth of chest: 10-4.

Length of head / Length of muzzle: 10-5.

Head length / Width of skull: 10-4.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Quick, attentive, distant, can be reserved with strangers, but it can be gentle and affectionate with its family, and people whom it is willing to accept.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: Almost flat, rather long, its width should be significantly less than half the length of the head. The line of skull and the bridge of the muzzle are sometimes slightly divergent. The superciliary ridges and the frontal furrow are slightly marked.

The external occipital protuberance is clearly pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: Black or dark brown colour is obligatory, the nostrils are well opened.

Muzzle: Long, straight, tapered without exaggeration towards the end.

Lips: Thin lips tightly fitting, colour is black or dark brown, no hanging lips.

Jaws/Teeth: Jaws are long and strong; scissor bite. Complete set of teeth.

Eyes: Almond eyes, rather large, slightly oblique palpebral opening, colour is dark, sometimes amber, never blue.

Eye rims well black or dark brown pigmented.

Ears: Set quite high. They are fine, always drooping and flat, broad based, lie flat against the cheeks, never "rose ear". The shape is that of a triangle with a rounded tip. The base of the ears pricks up when the sighthound is attentive.

NECK: Neck springing clearly from the shoulders, long, fine and muscular, with upper end slightly arched. The skin is fine and does not form a dewlap.

BODY:

Top line: Straight, approximately horizontal or slightly rising from the withers towards the point of the hips. Hips clearly protruding and placed at the same height or higher than the height of the withers.

Withers: Distinctively prominent.

Loin: Short and dry.

Croup: Oblique (ideally 45 °).

Chest: Deep, well let down almost to the elbows, sternal region gently narrowing. Fore chest fairly narrow. Ribs long, slightly visible, gently and evenly sprung.

Underline and belly: The sternal arch is pronounced. The underline rises smoothly into the belly which is tucked up very high.

TAIL:

Set low, long, thin, lean and tapered. Covered with the same type of hair as the body, it often has a white pencil hair on the end. The tail hangs with the tip slightly raised, but it can rise above the horizontal when the dog is excited.

LIMBS:

FOREQUARTERS:

General appearance: Long, thin, vertical. Perfect stand.

Shoulder: Long, shoulder blade, with dry muscles and only slightly oblique viewed in profile.

Upper arm: The scapulo-humeral angle is very open (about 130°).

Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly oblique.

Forefeet: Rounded, with slender digits, tight and well arched. The pads are pigmented.

HINDQUARTERS:

General appearance: Long and lean legs, viewed from behind, perfectly parallel.

Thigh: Long with dry protruding muscles. The coxo-femoral angle is very open (about 130°).

Stifle (Knee): Femoro-tibial angle is very open (about 145°).

Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Tarsus and metatarsus lean, without dewclaws.

Hind feet: Rounded shaped, toes well arched, pads pigmented.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Always very supple and with high action when walking and trotting. The gallop is springy. The Azawakh sighthound gives an impression of lightness, even elasticity. The movement is an essential characteristic of the breed.

SKIN: Thin and tight-fitting.

COAT:

Hair: Short, fine, and down to none on the belly.

Colour: Fawn, with or without brindles, with white patching limited to the extremities. All shades are admitted, clear sand to dark fawn (mahogany).

Brindles should be black as excluding any other shade. The muzzle can present a black mask.

White patching: The blaze is very inconstant. On the fore chest, white may be present as white patches, more or less extensively, confined to the base of the neck. The bib should not extend past the point of the shoulder, or go up on each side of the neck. A small white spot on the nape of the neck, of reduced size, is tolerated. As a continuation of the fore chest, white spots can appear below the chest, but must not in any case go up the ribs. Each of the four limbs has a white stocking, at least as a trace on the feet. On a subject having excellent morphology, the lack of white on one limb is allowed. The white marks on the forequarters, often irregular, should not extend beyond the elbows, or encroach on the shoulders. The white marks on the hindquarters, often more regular and less invasive, should not go up to the thigh. White marks appearing on the inner side of the thigh, however, should not be considered a fault.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

  • Height at the withers:  Males: 64 –74 cm.
  • Females: 60–70 cm.

A margin of 2 cm above and below the standard is tolerated.

  • Weight:                            Males: 20–25 kg.
  • Females: 15–20 kg.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SEVERE FAULTS:

Head heavy lacking elegance.

Tail thick and hairy, very curled tail.

Body too long.

Level bite.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities will be disqualified.
  • Lack of type.
  • Overly small chest and extreme general thinness.
  • Underbite or overbite.
  • Nose, eyelids and lips other than black or dark brown.
  • Light eyes or blue eyes.
  • Rose ears.
  • Hips lower than the withers.
  • Non-accidental anatomical deformation (e.g.: asymmetrical junction of the ribs at the sternum).
  • Presence of dewclaws or traces of removal of dewclaws on hind legs.
  • Wired or semi-long coat.
  • Non-standard coat colours (invasive white, white collar, brindle other than black). Beware of diluted colours such as blue, lilac.
  • Every dog which shows traces of a surgical intervention meant to correct or repair an esthetical or morphological fault, will be excluded.
  • Size deviating more than 3 cm. from the standard,

Finnish Spitz

Amend to read:

FAULTS

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Heavy head
  • Coarse muzzle
  • Weak underjaw
  • Ears pointing forward in a sharp angle, leaning sideways or close together at the tips, curving backwards or ears that are longhaired inside
  • Slack or too tightly curved tail
  • Too flexible in pasterns
  • Long, soft, too short or close-lying coat
  • Clearly defined diversity of colours

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified
  • Flesh coloured nose
  • Overshot or undershot mouth
  • Eyes bright yellow or wall eye
  • Ears with drooping tips
  • Kinky tail
  • Wavy or curly coat
  • Colour shades differing clearly from the basic colour
  • Large white markings on the chest and/or a white sock

UTILITY GROUP

French Bulldog (Bouledogue Français)

     Revised FCI Breed Standard to be applied. Please refer to the KUSA website to review these changes.

Keeshond

GENERAL APPEARANCE
Short, compact body, confident carriage. Fox like head with small pointed ears, alert expression, large ruff, well feathered tail curled over back. Clear differentiation in size between the sexes, with males obviously masculine but never coarse; bitches feminine but without weakness of structure.

FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on health & welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

WORKING GROUP

American Akita

Amend to read:

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:

In the beginning, the history of the American Akitas is similar to the history of Japanese Akitas. Since 1603, in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bearhunting dogs) were used as fighting dogs. From 1868, Akita Matagis were crossbred with Tosas and Mastiffs. Consequently, the size of Akitas increased, but characteristics associated with Spitz type were lost. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but Akitas were nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of Akitas were designated as « Natural Monuments » in 1931. During World War II (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments. The police ordered the capture and confiscation of all dogs other than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs. When World War II ended, Akitas had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct types: 1) Matagi Akitas 2) Fighting Akitas 3) Shepherd Akitas. This created a very confusing situation in the breed. During the restoration process of the pure breed after the war, Kongo-go of the Dewa line enjoyed a temporary, but tremendous popularity. Many Akitas of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd influence, were brought back to the United States by members of the Military Forces. The Akitas from the Dewa line, intelligent and capable of adapting to different environments, fascinated breeders in the United States and the line was developed with increasing number of breeders and a great rise in popularity. The Akita Club of America was established in 1956 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted the breed (inscription into the stud book and regular show status) in October 1972. However, at this time, the AKC and the JKC (Japan Kennel Club) did not have reciprocal agreements for recognizing each other’s pedigrees and therefore the door was closed for the introduction of the new bloodlines from Japan. Consequently, Akitas in the United States became considerably different from those in Japan, the country of origin. They developed as a type unique in the United States, with characteristics and type unchanged since 1955. This is in sharp contrast with Akitas in Japan which were crossbred with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed

Jaws/Teeth:

Jaws not rounded, but blunt, strong and powerful. Teeth strong with regular and full dentition [; s] (lack of PM1 and M3 allowed). Scissor bite preferred, but level bite acceptable.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

  • Feminine dogs, masculine bitches.
  • Narrow or snipey head.
  • Tooth (except [2 of the] PM1 and [/or] M3).
  • Blue or black spotted tongue.
  • Light eyes.
  • Short tail.
  • In or out at elbows.
  • Any indication of ruff or feathering.

Italian Corso Dog (Cane Corso Italiano) *Please note name change.

Amend to read:

Metatarsals – Thick and sinewy.

SIZE AND WEIGHT

Height at the withers:        Males:                 from 64 to 68 cm.

Females:              from 60 to 64 cm.

Tolerance of 2 cm more or less.

Weight:                            Males:                 from 45 to 50 kg.

Females:              from 40 to 45 kg.

SEVERE FAULTS

Axes of muzzle and skull parallel or too converging; lateral surfaces of the muzzle converging.